University of Delaware Library

Special Collections Department


Wilson Family
Papers

1684 - 1954

(bulk dates 1830 - 1897)

Manuscript Collection Number: 303
Accessioned: Gift of Elizabeth E. Wilson, 1954 - 1955, also Gift of Moyerman Family, 1972
Extent: 1.35 linear ft.
Content: Abstracts, accounts, annual reports, architectural drawings, bills, bills of lading, bonds, bookplates,
broadsides, bylaws, calling cards, certificates, checkbooks, clippings, copy books correspondence, daybook,
deeds, envelopes, ephemera, insurance policy, inventories, invitations, invoices, journal, labels, letters
testamentary, lists, maps, mortgages, newspapers, notes, obituaries, photographs, proceedings, receipts,
reminiscences, stock certificates, tickets, wills.
Access: The collection is open for research.
Processed: September - October 2004 by Colleen E. Lemke

for reference assistance email Special Collections
or contact:

Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Newark, Delaware 19717-5267
(302) 831-2229


Table of Contents


Biographical Note

The Wilson Family Papers preserves materials from four generations of a prominent family living in Liverpool, England; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Newark, Delaware. The family's wealth and talents supported a large number of educational and philanthropical pursuits. In the mid-nineteenth century, brothers William S. Wilson, Thomas B. Wilson, and Edward Wilson collected thousands of natural specimens and books and donated them to a variety of museums and institutions of the mid-Atlantic, including the American Entomological Society (which Thomas B. Wilson founded), the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, and the Franklin Institute. Another brother, Rathmell Wilson, served as trustee and President of the board of Newark College (University of Delaware), guiding and supporting the institution for over forty years. Rathmell Wilson's descendants continued to play a prominent role as benefactors of the University for over a hundred years. In addition, the family played an important social role in the city of Newark, Delaware, until well into the twentieth century.

Edward Wilson, Esquire, wealthy patriarch of the Wilson family, established a fortune through investments in the Philadelphia-Liverpool iron trade. Wilson's interests in this trade, so crucial in railway development, and his other investments in railroads and transportation projects in the Eastern United States and England are reflected in the Wilson family documents. Little is known of Edward Wilson's life in America, though it is estimated he lived here between 1800 and 1830. He married Rebecca (Bellerby) Wilson in 1802, and the couple lived in Philadelphia. They bore at least six children, three of whom remained in America when Edward and Rebecca returned to England. Edward and Rebecca Wilson owned a mansion and landed estate named Elms Farm, near Liverpool, England, which they shared with daughter Elizabeth (Wilson) Crosfield, son-inlaw Henry Crosfield, and sons Edward (Junior) and Charles Wilson. Three sons of Edward and Rebecca Wilson established themselves in America: William Savory Wilson, Thomas Bellerby Wilson, and Rathmell Wilson. For a time these three brothers attended a Quaker school in Philadelphia; later they lived together at Oaklands, near Newark, Delaware. Evidence of other family residences, including 1712 Walnut Street, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is scattered throughout the collection.

William Savory Wilson added to the family fortune through a variety of business ventures. He worked as a cloth merchant and profited through trading stocks and bonds for railroads and public works projects in England and the United States. He advised his other brothers and cousins on investment opportunities, and shared some funds and accounts with them. By the 1840s, he was living in Paris, France, and was married to a woman named Adda, about whom little is known. According to W.H. Day, by 1853 he had returned to Philadelphia with his family. His papers, housed primarily in Series II, contain a variety of letters and business documents he received in Philadelphia and Newark, and an account book from his time as a cloth merchant. He maintained regular correspondence with relatives on his mother's side, members of the Spackman family. William S. Wilson's uncle, Philadelphia merchant Samuel Spackman, was married to Elizabeth (Bellerby) Spackman, Rebecca (Bellerby) Wilson's sister, and had at least three children. Two sons, William Henry Spackman and John Spackman, had business ventures with and corresponded with their cousin William Savory Wilson. Wilson also assisted with family collection and donation activities, spear-headed by brother Thomas Bellerby Wilson.

Thomas Bellerby Wilson, doctor and scientist, was perhaps best known as a prominent naturalist and philanthropist. His formal education began at a Quaker school in Philadelphia, but he also studied at a boarding school in Darlington, England, and at universities in Paris, France, and Dublin, Ireland. By 1822, he had returned to America and was apprenticed to a pharmacist in Philadelphia. In 1828 he entered the University of Pennsylvania as a medical student, and graduated in 1830. However, an allowance and later inheritance from his father's estate insured he would not need to practice medicine professionally. Rather, his interests in botanical and ornithological pursuits led him to begin collecting and arranging specimens, first for personal study, and later for donation to a variety of Eastern and midAtlantic institutions. In 1833 he moved to Chester County, Pennsylvania, with brother Rathmell Wilson. In 1841, he had moved with Rathmell to Newark, Delaware, and paid for a new wing to be built on to the family house at Oaklands. This wing contained his living quarters, personal collections, private library, and various portraits.

Thomas B. Wilson and his brother Edward Wilson gave more than 15,000 books to the library of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, and more than 28,000 specimens to the museum, in addition to donating the money to build one of its wings. They were essential early benefactors of the institution, helping to establish it as a world-class institution. The brothers collected books and natural specimens of birds, shells, and minerals not only for the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, but also for the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the Franklin Institute, and many others. In 1859, Thomas B. Wilson helped found the American Entomological Society (AES), donating a collection of over twenty thousand insect specimens. According to W.H. Day, a later president of the AES, Wilson contributed "large sums of money, complete reference libraries, and comprehensive insect collections to the AES," and "significantly advanced the study of entomology and other natural sciences in the United States during formative years in the nineteenth century." He never married, and has no known descendents.

Rathmell Wilson built the estate of Oaklands near Newark, Delaware. He owned interests in and also operated coal mines, including a concern at Broad Top Mountain in Pennsylvania. Like other family members, he invested in railways, selling land to the Baltimore and Pennsylvania line, which passes through Newark, Delaware. He served as a member of the board of Newark College from 1847 - 1888. From 1851 - 1872, he served as president of the board of trustees, and for some overlapping time he also served as board treasurer. He further served as the acting president of the College from 1859 -1870, which encompassed the years the facility was closed during the Civil War. Along with brother Thomas B. Wilson, he served as a major benefactor of the American Entomological Society.

Rathmell Wilson married Martha (Meeteer) Wilson in the 1830s. Martha (Meeteer) Wilson was the daughter of Samuel Meeteer (Meteer, Meter, alt. spellings), who owned the Meeteer Paper Mill on White Clay Creek just north of Newark (later, it became the Curtis Paper Mill). The original deed to the land where the mill stood was granted by William Penn to Thomas Ogle in 1684; it and additional historic deeds are contained in Series X. Additional documents about the mill, the distribution of Samuel Meeteer's estate, and Rathmell and Martha Wilson's interest in it can be found at the Maryland State Archives, in Chancery Court Records. Correspondence to Martha Wilson and accounts of her home, the Oaklands estate, are contained within the Wilson Family Papers. Rathmell and Martha Wilson had three children: Helen Elizabeth "Lizzie" Wilson, Annie M. Wilson, and Edward Rathmell Wilson.

Helen Elizabeth "Lizzie" Wilson was born and raised at Oaklands, near Newark, Delaware. She never married, though several love poems and valentines she received hint that she was much admired. Childhood letters and ephemera make up most of her papers in this collection. Her younger sister Annie M. Wilson also never married, and the two lived together for years, both at Oaklands in Delaware, and at a residence in Philadelphia, 1712 Walnut Street, that previously belonged to their uncle, Thomas Bellerby Wilson. Only very fragmentary evidence of their lives survives. Two school copy books, written by Helen Elizabeth Wilson from 1848 - 1851, contain letters to many cousins and relations explaining her studies and interests. She wrote about academic subjects in addition to her like of "fancy work" and "plain sewing." She also enjoyed drawing, and a collection of her sketches is housed at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia. Most of her letters describe childhood pursuits in the antebellum period, including pony rides, having her teeth taken out, and receiving gifts such as pet canaries and a new doll. She also describes "a new playhouse" her father built in the woods, tea parties, valentines, and sitting to have a daguerreotype taken.

Edward Rathmell Wilson ran the farm and property at Oaklands, collecting rents, managing the estate, and spending his inheritance. Little is known of his life, though like his father he served as a trustee of the University of Delaware, elected in 1869. He married Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson on 29 April 1863. Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson, born on 1 July, 1837, descended from the prominent Gallaudet family of Baltimore. Edward R. and Anna had three daughters: Martha Rathmell Wilson (16 May 1864 - 27 December 1947), Elizabeth E. "Lillie" Wilson (25 June 1866 - 4 March 1958), and Alice Wilson (d. 11 March 1948).

The three daughters of Edward R. and Anna Wilson - Martha R., Elizabeth E., and Alice - were known as the Misses Wilson. They lived at Oaklands and none of them ever married. Elizabeth was involved with fund raising for the University of Delaware. Alice and Elizabeth both appear to have been interested in genealogy, which may explain the presence of the Allen and Oliver Family Papers amongst their possessions. It may also shed light on the miscellany of old wills, deeds, stamps, and newspapers collected into Series X. They entertained students of the University of Delaware with parties at the Oaklands mansion, and for a period taught dance lessons there.

The Wilson family owned significant amounts of property in Newark on Main Street and on New London Road. Family papers include property maps and a Worker's time book, which includes information on rent collection at various family properties. In addition, the mansion at Oaklands was the home of the Wilson Family for three generations; where the Wilsons hosted Newark social events for over fifty years. The mansion was torn down by developer Hugh Gallagher in 1962, though the neighborhood where it once stood still retains its name. Family papers also reflect other ways the Wilsons affected Newark, from street, curb, and sewer development, to building the former St. Thomas Episcopal Church at Delaware Avenue and Elkton Street.

Sources:

Cooch, Francis A., Little Known History of Newark, Delaware and its Environs, Newark: The Press of Kells, 1936, pp.20-22.

Day, W.H. “T. B. Wilson, MD., A Founder and Benefactor of the American Entomological Society, and his Family: Our First Newark,
Delaware –Philadelphia Connection,” Entomological News, Volume 95, No. 4, September and October, 1984.

Munroe, John A. The University of Delaware: A History, Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1986, pp. 98, 101,108,118 – 119.

Thomas Bellerby Wilson, M.D., Historical and Biographical Encyclopedia of Delaware, Wilmington: Aldine Publishing and Engraving Co., 1882.

Additional information drawn from the collection itself.

 

 


Scope and Content Note

The papers of the Wilson family of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Newark, Delaware, consist of 1.35 linear feet of material relating to four generations of direct descendents of Edward Wilson, Esq., of Elm's Farm, near Liverpool, England. The collection preserves business, social, and personal papers for several family members, and includes correspondence, printed material, financial documents, photographic material, legal documents, maps, and lists. Papers span the years 1684 - 1954, with the majority of the material falling between 1830 and 1897. Reports on emerging rail lines and the New York stock market, collecting and philanthropy papers for naturalist Thomas Bellerby Wilson, and antebellum social invitations and valentines from Newark, Delaware represent just a few of the papers in this varied collection.


The Wilson Family Papers provide a fascinating glimpse into the rise and decline of an Anglo-American family, and the establishment and distribution of a family fortune in Pennsylvania and Delaware in the 1830 - 1870s. Family correspondence about a myriad of investments and interests comprises the majority of the collection. There are more than three hundred family letters, of which the five sons of Edward Wilson are the primary correspondents. The collection has been arranged into ten series, with chronological ordering within series. Nine series are arranged around a member or members of the family. Because three of the brothers at one time shared the residence at Oaklands in Newark, Delaware, several letters are addressed to multiple recipients or signed by multiple family members. In most cases these items have been placed with the primary addressee. However, several letters of this type are found together in the Series I, Folder 4. These letters reflect the correspondence immediately following the death of Edward Wilson, Esquire, when the distribution of his estate is extensively discussed. The last series contains papers and family ephemera from Oaklands, whose original owner is unknown, or whose provenance remains better in tact if kept together. Researchers interested in a specific family member should check this series for additional items.

Much of the material in the collection was a gift to the University of Delaware in 1954 from Elizabeth E. Wilson, the last surviving family member at Oaklands, Delaware. Other items in the collection, such as the daybook of William Savory Wilson, were the gifts of the Moyerman Family in 1972. Unfortunately, part of the gift of Elizabeth E. Wilson, previously sorted as the "Rathmell Wilson Papers," had been arranged chronologically with collection items taped to leaves of paper and bound into volumes. In addition, multiple items were removed from the original accession and were placed into other collections, including MSS 271, the Evans Papers, destroying much of the original provenance. Though these items remain with the Evans Papers, where possible a photocopy and reference to the item are included in the Wilson Family folders.

Scholars interested in business history, personal investing, and railroads will find a slew of financial documents in the collection, including annual reports, investment reports, account records, checkbooks, a daybook, a journal, and a worker's time book. Family correspondence frequently discusses the performance of various stocks and investment opportunities. Evidence of the establishment and growth of the Wilson family fortune is clustered primarily in Series I and Series II, though other family correspondences, particularly letters from Edward Wilson, Esq. to Thomas B. Wilson, also reflect investment concerns. A historian interested in local transportation projects and public works will also find letters and papers about the building of the Wilmington - Kennett Turnpike (now Concord Pike), the Baltimore and Pennsylvania Rail Road, the Reading Rail Road, and the Christiana Canal Company. There are also documents about water rights and sewer lines in Wilmington and Newark, Delaware, and information about the New York stock market. An extensive family investment in the New York Gas Light Company stocks is also reflected, as are investments in the Liverpool - Manchester Railway, the Tennessee Rail Road, and the Illinois Central Line.

Legal historians and those interested in women's finances and rights will also be interested in papers relating to Elizabeth (Wilson) Crosfield and the Misses Wilson. The distribution of Edward Wilson's estate in 1844 ignited a family debate over the integrity of Elizabeth Wilson's share, and how it would be affected by having her husband, Henry Crosfield, serve as a trustee. Other Legal documents in the collection include correspondence, abstracts, deeds, bonds, mortgages, wills, and the summation of an 1887 court case between Rathmell Wilson and the Baltimore and Pennsylvania Railroad. The papers of the Misses Wilson, housed in Series IX, reflect their attempts to bring suit against the city of Newark, Delaware in the late 1930s for an infringement on property rights.

Naturalists, book collectors, and scholars interested in the history and establishment of museum collections and research libraries will find much of use in this collection. Wilson family members were major benefactors of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia, donating the core collection of their natural specimens in the 1850s, and funding a new wing for the building. Wilson family members also founded and supported the American Entomological Society (AES), helping to establish the importance of entomological study in the United States. The family supported a number of other institutions and historical societies in their early years of the nineteenth century, advancing the study of natural science and making thousands of books available to American scholars. The papers of Thomas B. Wilson, found in Series III, include over a hundred manuscript pages listing thousands of birds, minerals, shells, and books collected and subsequently donated to various educational institutions. The family also supported and championed Newark College, later the University of Delaware.

The Wilson Family Papers also offer a personal story to historians of the Atlantic World and those interested in immigration history. Papers reflect the family presence and influence in England, the United States, and France. Family correspondence addresses emotional reactions to separation from family members. Letters also reflect how finances and news, births and deaths, marriages and introductions, occurred across the ocean. In addition, the collecting activities of Thomas B. Wilson, William S. Wilson, and Edward Wilson reflect the movement of natural specimens within Europe, Australia, and the Americas.

Other personal papers include letters, school copy books, invitations, calling cards, valentines, newspapers, and ephemera. Social historians will enjoy the variety of antebellum calling cards, invitations, and valentines included in the collection. Scholars interested in childhood in the mid-nineteenth century will find much of interest in the papers and ephemera of Helen Elizabeth Wilson. Her letters and essays discuss academics, toys, and activities. Pets, picnics, and a velocipede number among the topics discussed. Family correspondence also discusses health and medicine in the nineteenth century. For example, Thomas B. Wilson's copybook pages mention the 1832 cholera outbreak in Philadelphia. Other letters discuss the health, ailments, and treatment of various family members. Four historic newspapers preserved by the family contain various articles, including information on troop movements and a Civil War skirmish between Northern troops and civilians in Baltimore. Finally, family papers from Oaklands should interest local historians. New developments in Newark, Delaware, from church bells to new hotels to boarding schools, are mentioned throughout the family correspondence.

Related Collections:

Several other sources of information about the Wilson family exist at the University of Delaware. Some Wilson documents and correspondence are housed with MSS 271, the Evans Papers, as noted above. The Hugh F. Gallagher, Jr. Family Papers (MSS 275) relate to the suburban development of Oaklands in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The Wilbur T. Wilson Map Collection (MSS 377) includes many maps and property plans of Newark, concentrated around the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Additional papers can be found at the University Archives; these are primarily records from the boards of trustee on which Rathmell Wilson and Edward R. Wilson served. The University of Delaware also owns portraits of Edward Wilson, Esq. and Rathmell Wilson.

A small cataloged collection of drawings of Helen Elizabeth Wilson are held at the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. The Academy also owns a portrait of Thomas B. Wilson and various papers relating to his activities.

The Historical Society of Pennsylvania holds a manuscript collection for John Spackman, a cousin of the Wilson family, which includes papers of Samuel Spackman and Henry Spackman. (HSP MSS 621)


Series List

I. Edward Wilson, Esq.

II. William Savory Wilson

III. Thomas Bellerby Wilson

IV. Rathmell Wilson

V. Martha L. (Meeteer) Wilson

VI. Helen Elizabeth “Lizzie” Wilson

VII. Annie M. Wilson

VIII. Edward R. Wilson and Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson

IX. The Misses Wilson: Martha Rathmell, Elizabeth E. “Lillie”, and Alice

X. Family Ephemera from Oaklands

1. The Oaklands Property

2. Family Collections

3. Legal and Genealogical Documents

4. Newspapers

 

Contents List

Box -- Folder -- Contents

  		
		Series I.   Edward Wilson, Esq.

1 F1 Will and Abstracts, 1843 (3 oversize items)
Last will and testament of Edward Wilson, with two abstracts of the will
 	F2 	Estate Papers -Distribution Reports, 1844 - 1855
   	   	Executors accounts, residue reports, and legal opinions regarding
		the distribution of the estate, contains information about railroad
		stocks and investments
 	F3 	Estate Papers - Correspondence, 1844 - 1851
   		Letters between Edward Wilson's heirs and trustees about the management and 
		distribution of the estate and the Crosfields' share; receipts signed S. 
		Spackman.
 	F4 	Liverpool and Manchester Railway Reports, 1829 - 1843.
   	   	Annual reports of the L & M Railway, with two additional items for the Grand
       		Junction Railway, and a report on commercial shipping in Liverpool, 1839.
 	F5 	Caleb Kirk Account, 1819 - 1837
   	  	Records of an investment transaction between Caleb Kirk and Edward Wilson
	  	concerning the trade of bonds and stocks for Wilmington - Kennett Turnpike. 
	   	Series II. William Savory Wilson
   
   	F6	Letterpress book pages, 1830 - 1836
   	  	Copies of letters written by William Savory Wilson to family members including
       		Samuel Spackman (uncle), Wm. H Spackman, and William Loyd (cousins).
 	F7	Spackman family correspondence, 1830 - 1842
       		Correspondents include William Savory Wilson, his uncle Samuel Spackman, and
       		his cousins, W. H. Spackman and John Spackman. Business and personal topics
       		appear; includes papers regarding an outstanding debt to Mead, Wilson and Co.
 	F8 	Walker Correspondence, 1829 - 1842
   	   	Joseph Walker - William Savory Wilson Correspondence, 1829 - 1842
   	   	Also includes letters from Henry M. Walker, 1841 - 1842, regarding the 
       		Reading Rail Road Company in Pennsylvania and Delaware 
 	F9 	Business Correspondence, 1829 - 1842
       		Includes receipts, shipping invoices, and bills. See also Series IV, Folder 25. 
   
1 	F10 	Account Books, 1829 - 1830 
        	Includes a day book for accounts regarding cloth shipping, especially blankets,
        	from Philadelphia. Many receipts to Richard Ashurst, with a list of Philadelphia
        	merchants. Several pages missing; news clips included as it was later used as
        	a household hints scrapbook. Also, a ledger book for the "Estate of Wm S. Wilson."
		Series III. Thomas Bellerby Wilson
   
   		Family Correspondence
    	F11 	Copybook pages and page fragments, 1832 - 1842 (10 items)
        	Copies of letters written by Thomas B. Wilson to family members, 
		manufacture and transportation of iron, collecting activities, cholera 
		outbreak in Philadelphia, stocks and dividends, Rathmell's purchase of
 		a farm, land prices, etc.
    	F12 	Letters from Edward Wilson (Father), 1832 - 1842 (13 items)
        	Primarily from Elm Farm, the family estate near Liverpool, England
    	F13 	Letters from William Savory Wilson, 1844 - 1850 (21 items)
        	Primarily from Paris, France
    	F14 	Letters from Edward Wilson (Brother), 1844 - 1851 (15 items)
        	Many concern collecting natural specimens, some about the distribution of their
        	father's estate
    	F15 	Other family letters, 1836 - 1861 (12 items)
        	Mainly from other family members, including Rathmell Wilson, Charles Wilson,
	    	Rebecca (Bellerby) Wilson (Mother), and Elizabeth Crosfield (sister), also 
		includes one letter from Mary Biddle
    	F16 	Ephemera (5 items)
   		Tin stencil of Thomas B. Wilson's initials and motto, book plates, blank cheques,
    		notices of his death, 1865, notice of public auction for sale of T. Wilson home
    		at 1712 Walnut Street, Philadelphia
 		Collecting Activities
    	F17 	Lists, Catalogues, and Invoices, 1842 - 1851 (69 items)
        	Mainly books purchased for his personal library and for institutional gifts
 	F18 	Inventories, Catalogues, and Invoices, 1846 - 1850(29 items)
        	Mainly natural history specimens including birds, eggs, and minerals, also
        	includes offerings of duplicates from collections at the British Museum. 
   
1   	F19 	Museums and Philanthropic Associations, 1846 - 1850 (37 items)
        	Acknowledgements, invitations, memberships, requests, and correspondence.
        	Organizations include the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 
        	Entomological Society of Philadelphia, American Academy of Music, Historical
        	Society of Pennsylvania,United States Coastal Survey, Museum of Comparative 
		Zoology in Boston, Smithsonian Institute, American Philosophical Society, 
        	Megnanerie Expérimentale de Saite-Tulle, Société Impériale Zoologique d' 
        	Acclimation, Fairmont Park, Mountville Institute, and The Franklin Institute.
        	Series IV. Rathmell Wilson
   
        	Personal Correspondence
    	F20 	Charles Wilson, 1840 - 1870 (25 items)
        	Letters about accounts, the stock market and various investments (Pennsylvania
        	RR and NY Gas Light), family news
    	F21 	Edward Wilson (Brother), 1844 - 1870
    	F22 	Henry Crosfield (Brother-in-law), 1865 - 1870
        	See also Series I, Folder 3
    	F23 	Other family letters (5 items)
        	From his sister Elizabeth (Wilson) Crosfield, sister-in-law Fanny Wilson, wife
        	Martha (Meeteer) Wilson, and father Edward Wilson 
        	Business Papers
    	F24 	Receipts, Records, and Legal Documents 1837 - 1887 (14 items)
        	Includes letters from the London and Birmingham Railway, bonds, mortgages,
        	deeds, and receipts. Also includes a Chancery Court complaint in Delaware
        	"Rathmell    Wilson vs. The Baltimore and Philadelphia Railroad Company" 
        	about property lines and train tracks in Newark, Delaware.
    	F25 	Check books, 1851 - 1859 
        	Manuscript check stubs and a running account balance. Contains references to
        	accounts of William Savory Wilson and Rathmell Wilson, rents collected, and
        	deposits from Reading Rail Road Coupons, Tennessee Coupons, Illinois Central
        	Rail Road, and others.
    	F26 	Jane Platt Estate Papers, 1853 - 1877 
        	Correspondence, receipts, and legal documents regarding the administration and
        	distribution of Jane Platt's estate, handled by Rathmell Wilson and his son
        	Edward R. Wilson. 


   		Series V. Martha L. (Meeteer) Wilson
1   	F27 	Family Letters, 1845 - 1851
        	Includes letters from Charles Wilson, Elizabeth (Wilson) Crosfield, Rathmell
        	Wilson, Thomas B. Wilson, Rebecca Wilson, and Susan Wilson. The letter from
        	Elizabeth contains a lock of Edward Wilson Crosfield's hair, dated 1846. 
   
      		Series VI. Helen Elizabeth "Lizzie" Wilson
    	F28 	Personal Correspondence, 1843 - 1896
        	Mainly from her childhood, includes two school copybooks, written from Oaklands,
        	1848 - 1851, letters from family members including Elizabeth (Wilson) Crosfield,
        	Charles Wilson, Thomas B. Wilson, Rathmell Wilson, Martha Wilson, and Annie M.
		Wilson (sister), also includes a copy of her will. See also Series X.
 	F29 	Stationery Box
   		Contains two decorated print envelopes, one with a set of twelve needlework
	    	patterns and one with a valentine. See also Series X.
		
        	Series VII. Annie M. Wilson
 	F30 	Will and papers, 1896 - 1911 (5 items)
   		Includes a deed from Elizabeth E. Wilson (niece) to Helen E. Wilson and Annie
        	M. Wilson, a note from Martha Wilson, and information about her estate.
	
   		Series VIII. Edward Rathmell Wilson and Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson
    	F31 	Journal of Edward R. Wilson, 1861 - 1877
        	Household and farm account book for "Oaklands near Newark, Delaware,"
        	lists goods and labor expenses.
    	F32 	Documents and Letters, 1876 - 1916 (7 items)
   		Deeds to Edward R. Wilson and a bond to Anna Mary Wilson. Also, personal letters
        	to Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson, including a letter from Rathmell Wilson counseling
        	her on how to behave during her pregnancy, a letter from Elizabeth Shippen Green
       		(Illustrator), and letter from Emma Allen (Aunt). 


   		Series IX. The Misses Wilson: Martha R., Elizabeth E. "Lillie," and Alice
   
	F33 	Personal Letters, 1886 - 1937 (7 items)
   		Primarily addressed to Elizabeth E. Wilson, correspondents include Rathmell
        	Wilson, I.C. Blandy, and George G. Knowles, topics include family news, genealogy,
        	Oliver family relations, and remembrances of Newark, Delaware.
    	F34 	Elizabeth E. Wilson Ephemera, 1914 - 1934 (10 items)
        	Includes a membership letter to Elizabeth E. Wilson from The National Geographic
        	Society, an appeal, an invitation, and the Charter and By-Laws from the George
        	Washington Memorial Association, a bill from Wannamaker's in Philadelphia, and 
        	information about the centenary of the University of Delaware in 1934.
    	F35 	Business Papers and Legal Documents, 1906 - 1940 (24 items)
        	Mortgages, Deeds, and legal correspondence; includes a letter about Rathmell
        	and Martha Wilson's silver held by Philadelphia Trust, a pharmacy receipt from
        	the George W. Rhodes Pharmacy of Newark, Delaware, correspondence with William
        	Poole regarding a potential lawsuit between the Misses Wilson and the City of
        	Newark, Delaware over sewer lines and curbs, and copies of a mineral lease and
        	agreement between the Misses Wilson and the Harison-Walker Mining Company, 1940, 
        	for mining fire clay in Delaware.
2 	F36 	Allen G. Oliver family papers, 1928 - 1929 
   		Allen G. Oliver, a property owner at Oaklands and a cousin of the Misses Wilson,
        	was a poultry breeder and teacher in North Carolina. He died suddenly in 1928.
        	Papers include deeds, bonds and mortgages to various Wilson family members,
        	newspaper clippings about his engagement and funeral, a letter from Jefferson
        	Standard Life Insurance Company, an issue of Extension Farm News, an agricultural
        	news letter of North Carolina which contains three articles about Oliver, and
        	letters from his widow Susie (Taylor) Oliver to the Misses Wilson.
	
        	Series X. Family Ephemera from Oaklands
 		The Oaklands Property
	F37 	Worker's time book, 1865 - 1866, 1908 - 1943
   		Time book and accounts for Oaklands, likely begun by Rathmell Wilson and continued
        	by other members of the Wilson family of Newark, DE. Also used to record rental 
        	income for properties on New London Road.
   
 	F38 	Papers for the house and grounds
   		Includes a photograph, property map, architectural drawing, two short accounts
        	about the house and Thomas Bellerby Wilson by W. D. Lewis, Librarian, and a
        	reflection about the house and grounds from a former student of the University
        	of Delaware.
        	Family Collections, 1836 - 1922
        	When the collection was received from Miss Elizabeth E. Wilson, many items were
        	already organized and sorted into categories. This sub-series preserves evidence
        	and material from this personal organization method. "Empty Envelopes," 
        	"Valentines," and "Cards & Invitations" were bundled into three separate groups,
        	labeled, and tied with string. A fourth label, for "Important Family Letters," 
        	was loose. These family collections contain ephemera from almost one hundred years
        	of residence in Newark, Delaware.
   	F39      Family Collections - Envelopes, stamps, and labels, 1858 - 1922
   		Empty envelopes found together were addressed to residents of Oaklands, including
        	Rathmell Wilson, Helen Elizabeth Wilson (Lizzie), Annie M. Wilson, and the
		Misses Wilson. Most envelopes are addressed to Miss Alice Wilson, which
 		perhaps suggests that the collection arrangement was hers. Stamps, removed
 		from other family letters, were found collected in an envelope, and various
 		newspaper articles about stamp collecting were also found together. 
		Includes labels and ribbons from original bundles. 
 	F40     Family Collections - Calling Cards, Invitations, and Social Events, 1836 - 1858
        	As with the previous folder, this folder groups together materials from several
        	generations of the residents of Oaklands. Included are materials addressed to
        	Thomas B. Wilson, Rathmell Wilson, Martha Wilson, Helen Elizabeth Wilson, Anna
        	Mary (Allen) Wilson, and the Misses Wilson. The folder includes several invitations
        	for "Pic nic" parties, cotillions, and dinners. Also included are an 1847 pass to
        	the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, a 1951 pass to the Delaware Horticultural
        	Society exhibit, and several invitations and tickets for concerts in the 1850s. 
 		Concert ephemera include a ticket to see M'lle Jenny Lind's Grand Concert, 
		sponsored by P. T. Barnum, and an 1853 broadside for "Ole Bull's Last Grand
	    	Concert for the benefit of the suffering colonists in Oleona." A wedding invitation
		and newspaper clipping about the marriage of Elizabeth Shippen Green and Huger 
		Elliot also appear. Shippen Green was a former classmate of Anna Mary (Allen) 
		Wilson and became a well-known illustrator.
2      F41    Family Collections - Valentines, circa 1850 (26 items)
   		Valentines and envelopes were collected together. Most of the valentines are
        	addressed to Helen Elizabeth "Lizzie" Wilson, though there are also a few to 
        	her brother Edward R. Wilson, and her sister Annie M. Wilson.
		Legal and Genealogical Documents
    	F42     Allen Family and Oliver Family Papers (1824 - 1874)
   		Wills, mortgages, deeds, bonds, receipts, and other legal papers of the maternal
        	relations of the Misses Wilson: the Allen family and Oliver families, relations
        	of Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson, wife of Edward R. Wilson.
		Oliver family members referenced include Mary Oliver, Mary Oliver Redden, Joseph 
		G. Oliver, Amanda (Allen) Oliver, and Thomas Oliver. "Family Record" pages, 
		probably from a bible, are also included.
		Allen family members referenced include Scattergood Allen, Charles Allen, Amanda
	    	(Allen) Oliver, John Allen, Ann Allen, and Rebecca Allen. Handwritten drafts
    		and official copies of wills, stock shares in the Christiana Canal Company,
    		and an 1871 letter from the Wilmington Fountain Society to Ann and Rebecca Allen    
		regarding the use of a spring of their property are also included. Papers associated
    		with Scattergood Allen include a mortgage, bond and deed, and references to Samuel
 		R. Nields, Samuel Kelley, Peter Springer, and William Cornog. Also included is an 
		insurance policy for a "Brick Store House."
 	F43     Genealogical Clippings
   		Clip about the death of William Rathmell, two handwritten notes about family    
		history, two issues of the Delaware Historical and Genealogical Recall, 1933,    
		Article on T. B. Wilson from Entomological News, 1984. Includes a tract "Brief    
		Memoir of William Wilson, Esq." dated 1849, relationship to family unknown.
	F44     Other Historic and Legal Documents
   		Grant of land, William Penn to John Ogle, White Clay Creek, 1684, parchment
	 	with seal and Penn's signature Parchment indenture with wax seal, 1707 
   		Patent for John Scott of Cecil County, Maryland, parchment with 3" seal, 1790
		Letter of Adminstration for Alexander Smith, paper, 1792, signed by Gunning    
		Bedford and letter of administration for Ann Smith, 1804. 
   		Deed, "Hannah Evans & Other to Abraham Heberton," 1842
   		"Release of a Lot of Land in Pencader Hundred from Judgment vs. Chas Walton,"    
		in a case of Sarah J. Harris, Zachary T. Harris, and Samuel M. Donnell to Charles    
		Walton, 1883, and a deed, "Charles Walton and Wife to Alice S. Donnell," 1883.
   
 		Newspapers
2        F45      Newspapers (4 items, removed to oversize)
        	The Delaware Gazette, February 14, 1789
        	Pennsylvania Inquirer and Daily Courier June 17th, 1839
        	Baltimore Clipper, April 20, 1861 
        	The Delaware County (Pennsylvania) Republican September 27, 1867 
   
   Genealogical Chart
Descendants of Edward Wilson, Esq. and Rebecca (Bellerby) Wilson
This chart does not show all family members. It only shows family members whose papers 
or possessions appear in the collection. In most cases exact birth order is unknown; 
therefore siblings are not denoted by number.

 Edward Wilson, Esq. (d. 1843) m. Rebecca (Bellerby) Wilson
 		William Savory Wilson (d. 1870) m. Adda Wilson
   
   		Thomas Bellerby Wilson (1807 - 1865)
 		Rathmell Wilson (1810 - 1890) m. Martha (Meeteer) Wilson
 			Helen Elizabeth "Lizzie" Wilson (d. 1909)
 			Edward Rathmell Wilson m. 1863 Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson (b. 1837)
 				Martha Rathmell Wilson (1864 - 1946)
 				Elizabeth E. "Lillie" Wilson (1866 - 1958)
 				Alice Wilson (d. 1948)
 			Annie M. Wilson (d. 1915)
 		Elizabeth Wilson m. Henry Crosfield
 			Henry Wilson Crosfield
 		Edward Wilson m. Fanny Wilson
 		Charles Wilson m. Susan Wilson


  
   
   Genealogical Notes

   Spackman Family of Pennsylvania
   Rebecca (Bellerby) Wilson was a sister of Elizabeth (Bellerby) Spackman of Philadelphia.
   Samuel Spackman and Elizabeth (Bellerby) Spackman had at least two children:
   1. W. H. Spackman
   2. John Spackman
   References to and correspondence with these Wilson relations appear in the collection.

   Crosfield Family of Liverpool, England
   George Crosfield, one of the original trustees of the estate of Edward Wilson,
   Esq. was the father of Henry Crosfield, husband of Elizabeth (Wilson) Crosfield,
   and subsequently named trustee of the estate of Edward Wilson, Esq.

   Allen Family of Delaware
   Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson, wife of Edward Rathmell Wilson, was related to the
   Allen Family whose papers are housed in Series X, Folder 42. The exact relationship
   is unclear from the collection.

   Oliver Family of Delaware and North Carolina
   Anna Mary (Allen) Wilson, wife of Edward Rathmell Wilson, was related to the
   Oliver Family whose papers are housed in Series IX, Folder 36, and in Series X, 
   Folder 42. The exact relationship is unclear from the collection.
 
 

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