Special Collections Department
Papers Related to
Manuscript Collection Number: 165
Accessioned: Purchase, October, 1989.
Extent: 2.3 linear ft.
Content: Correspondence, photographs, audio cassette tapes, interviews, research notes, programs, contracts, typescript drafts, page proofs, sheet music.
Access: The collection is open for research.
Processed: 1991 by Anita A. Wellner.
Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Newark, Delaware 19717-5267
Table of Contents
Sawyer-Lauçanno's professional career has included performing field research for Human Factors, Inc. (1973-1974), teaching foreign languages at Brandeis University (1974-1977), and teaching English as a second language at Dean Junior College (1977-1980) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1982- ). He also was a staff writer for Time-Life Educational Systems Co. in Tokyo, Japan (1980-1982), as well as a free-lance technical translator.
Best known for his biography of Paul Bowles, An Invisible Spectator (1990), Sawyer-Lauçanno has also written numerous texts on learning or teaching the English language. His translations include the work of Federico Garcia Lorca and Chilam Balam, as well as his most recent publication, Rafael Alberti's Concerning the Angels (1995). He has also written The Continual Pilgrimage: American Writers in Paris, 1945-1950 (1992) and contributed poetry, articles, and translations to a wide variety of periodicals, including Nexus, American Poetry Review, and Translation.
In 1938, Paul Bowles married the aspiring writer Jane Auer, who shortly achieved critical acclaim for her first novel, Two Serious Ladies (1943). Inspired by Jane Bowles's success and her dedication to writing, Bowles began his own career as an author, eventually surpassing his already successful reputation as a composer. Since the 1940s, he has produced numerous works of fiction, essays, travel writing, poems, autobiographical pieces, and other works. Among Bowles's best-known fictional works are the novels The Sheltering Sky (1949), Let It Come Down (1952), The Spider's House (1955); and an early short story collection, The Delicate Prey and Other Stories (1950). A 1989 reprint of The Sheltering Sky and Bernardo Bertolucci's 1990 film version of the novel, starring Debra Winger and John Malkovich, revived international interest in Bowles, the writer.
Bowles is equally known as a prolific translator. He bestowed the title "No Exit" upon Jean-Paul Sartre's Huis Clos and his 1946 translation of that play remains the standard version for English language productions. During the 1940s, Bowles translated the poems and stories of a wide variety of European and Latin American authors. Bowles taped and transcribed from the Moghrebi tales by Mohammed Mrabet and several other Moroccan story tellers; and his translations have broadened readership of Guatemalan author Rodrigo Rey Rosa. Bowles has translated several works related to North African culture and geography, and has generously introduced and prefaced photographic collections, travel writing, and stories by other authors who share those interests.
Paul and Jane Bowles spent much of their married life traveling throughout the world and in the late 1940s made Tangier, Morocco, their permanent home. Major figures in the world of letters and the arts and international "society" frequently visited them there. Jane Bowles died in 1973, and Bowles continued to reside in Tangier until his death on November 18, 1999.
Sources:Miller, Jeffrey. Paul Bowles: A Descriptive Bibliography. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Black Sparrow Press, 1986.
Sawyer-Lauçanno, Christopher. An Invisible Spectator: A Biography of Paul Bowles. New York: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1989.
Scope and Content Note
Also present in the papers are letters from some of Bowles's friends written to Sawyer-Lauçanno. There are letters from Bruce Morrissette, Buffie Johnson, Virgil Thomson, Gore Vidal, Edward Field, Edouard Roditi, and Ned Rorem. Many of the senders are commenting on their relationship to Paul Bowles and/or on the life or writing of Paul Bowles.
Additionally, the papers include photographs of Bowles and others; audio cassette tapes of interviews with Bowles and his friends; transcripts and research notes; material related to the "Festival Manca," which featured music composed by Bowles; as well as contracts, drafts, and page proofs related to An Invisible Spectator.
An inscribed copy of sheet music for "Letter to Freddy," for which Bowles composed the music and Gertrude Stein wrote the words, is also part of the collection.
Bound page proofs and copies of the editions published by Bloomsbury and Weidenfeld
& Nicolson have been removed and cataloged for the printed collection of Special Collections.
Ms 110 Pagany Archive
Ms 163 Paul Bowles Papers
Ms 164 Paul Bowles Collection
Unprocessed Peter Owen Limited Archive
1 Series I. Correspondence, 1984-1989 Series I.1. Paul Bowles' letters to Sawyer-Lauçanno, 1985-1989 F1 Letters, 1985-1987 1985 Apr 26 TLS 1p Jun 6 TLS 1p 1986 Feb 3 TLS 1p Mar 1 TLS 1p Mar 30 TLS 1p Jun 20 ALS 1p Jun 20 TNS 1p Aug 2 TLS 1p Dec 19 TLS 1p 1987 Apr 13 TLS 1p Jul 3 TLS 1p F2 Letters, 1988-1989 1988 Jan 15 TLS 1p Jan 30 TLS 1p Feb 29 TLS 1p Apr 12 TLS 1p Apr 25 TLS 1p May 10 ALS 1p Jun 2 TLS 1p Aug 4 TLS 1p Oct 11 TLS 1p Dec 13 TLS 1p 1989 Jun 1 TLS 1p Series I.2. Chistopher Sawyer-Lauçanno's letters to Paul Bowles F3 Letters 1985 Apr 15 TL (x) 1p May 16 TLS (x) 1p May 18 TLS (x) 1p 1986 Jan 22 TL (x) 1p Feb 13 TLS (x) 2p Mar 17 TLS (x) 2p Jul 21 TL (x) 1p Aug 20 TLS (x) 1p Dec 8 TLS (x) 2p 1987 Mar 22 TL (x) 2p Jun 16 TL (x) 2p Jul 20 TL (x) 1p Dec 9 TL (x) 2p 1988 Feb 8 TL (x) 3p Feb 16 TL (x) 1p Mar 21 TL (x) 1p Apr 12 TL (x) 2p May 3 TL (x) 2p May 26 TL (x) 1p Jul 12 TL (x) 1p 1989 Jun 13 TL (x) 1p 1 Series I.3. Correspondence between Sawyer-Lauçanno and his editor or Bowles' friends, 1984-1989 F4 Roslyn Targ (literary agent) to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1986 Feb 28 TLS 1p F5 Sawyer-Lauçanno correspondence with Mark Polizzotti (editor, Weidenfeld and Nicolson), 1986-1988 Sawyer-Lauçanno to Polizzotti 1986 Jan 23 TLS (x) 1p 1988 Jul 4 TL (x) 1p Note: Includes list (2p). Polizzotti to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1986 Jan 20 TLS 2p Feb 3 TLS 1p Feb 4 TLS 1p Feb 27 TLS 1p 1987 May 19 TLS 3p Jun 6 TLS 1p 1988 Jun 30 TLS 1p Note: Includes copies of a reader's report and a letter from Liz Calder (Bloomsbury) to Polizzotti. [1988 Nov 1] List of Captions 3p F6 Felicity Mason letter to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1987 Jan  Ts (x) 4p Note: Bears autograph note. F7 Bruce Morrissette to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1986 Nov 1 TLS 1p 1989 May 9 ACS 1p Jul 11 ALS 1p F8 Bob Sharrard to Sawyer-Lauçanno [1987 Nov 28] TLS 1p F9 Kenward Elmslie to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1989 Jun 10 TLS 1p F10 Buffie Johnson to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1986 Jan 28 TLS 1p 1989 May 16 ALS 1p F11 Ronald Caltabiano (assistant to Aaron Copland) to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1986 Jan 30 TLS 1p F12 Virgil Thomson to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1986 Jan 27 TLS 1p 1988 Sep 29 TLS 1p F13 Gore Vidal to Sawyer-Lauçanno [1986 Mar 10] ALS 2p F14 Edward Field to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1988 Nov 2 TLS 1p Nov 19 TLS 1p 1989 Feb 17 TLS 1p Mar Ts (x) 1p Note: Alfred Chester Newsletter #2. Jun 1 TLS 1p Aug 21 ALS 1p Aug 29 ANS 1p [n.d.] ANS 1p F15 Edouard Roditi to Sawyer-Lauçanno [1987 May 13] ALS 1p 1987 May 23 TLS 2p May  TLS 1p Note: Enclosed with previous item.  Jun 9 ALS 2p 1987 Oct 26 ALS 2p Nov 30 ALS 1p [1987?] AL 1p Note: Letter is incomplete. F16 Ned Rorem to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1984 Mar 27 ACS 1p 1986 Feb 18 TLS 1p [1987 Oct 27] ANS 1p Note: Written on a printed item. 1988 Jan 24 TLS 1p Oct 24 TLS 2p Nov 2 TLS 1p Nov 20 ACS 1p Dec 3 ACS 1p 1989 Jul 29 ACS 1p Aug 27 TLS 1p F17 Bradford Morrow to Sawyer-Lauçanno 1986 Oct 17 TLS 1p  Dec 5 ALS 1p Series II. Photographs, Consists of 24 photographs. F18 Includes two photographs of Sawyer-Lauçanno, six photographs of artwork by Paul Bowles, one photograph of Jane Bowles, one photographs of Bowles' apartment building in Tangier, and 14 photographs of Paul Bowles (some include friends). Most of the photographs appear in An Invisible Spectator. 2 Series III. Interviews and Research Material Consists of audio cassette tapes and transcripts of interviews with Paul Bowles and his associates, as well as Sawyer-Lauçanno's research material. The cassette tapes are unfoldered. Audio cassette tapes 1985 Jul 7 Interview with Paul Bowles, 2 tapes 1986 Mar 6 Interview with Virgil Thomson, 1 tape 1987 Nov 3 Interview with Virgil Thomson, 1 tape 1987 Apr 30 Interview with Edouard Roditi, 2 tapes 1987 Apr 28 Interview with William Burroughs, 1 tape [n.d.] Interview with Buffie Johnson, 1 tape F19 Notes taken from the Gertrude Stein-Virgil Thomson letters at Yale, [n.d.] F20 Transcripts of interviews with Buffy Johnson, Virgil Thomson, Edouard Roditi, and Harry Dunham, [1986-1987] F21 Quotes from Bowles' interview,  F22 Notes from Bruce Morrissette interview,  F23 Notes from Bowles' letters to Morrissette, [n.d.] F24 Notes and computer diskette of research materials, [n.d.] F25 Festival Manca, 1988 April Includes correspondence, cassette tape and a program for the 1988 "Festival Manca." On April 2 the festival featured "La Musique de Paul Bowles." Includes a biographical sketch of Bowles, an audio cassette of "La Musique de Paul Bowles," correspondence among Bowles, Sawyer-Lauçanno, and Michel Redolfi (director of the festival), plus program and notes. There are three photocopies of letters from Bowles to Michel Redolfi (1988 Feb 29, May 7, Jun 1). Series IV. Proposals and contracts for An Invisible Spectator, 1986-1987 In his proposal, Sawyer-Lauçanno's describes the content of the book and includes the chapter entitled "Tea in Tangier." Also included here are contracts between Sawyer-Lauçanno and his publishers. F26 Sawyer-Lauçanno's contract with Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1986 Aug 18 F27 Sawyer-Lauçanno's contract with Bloomsbury Publishing Ltd., 1987 May 13 F28 Autograph draft of chapter entitled "Tea in Tangier," [n.d.] F29 Book proposal, [n.d.] Description of the book's content and intention, as well as a copy of "Tea in Tangier." 3 Series V. Drafts of An Invisible Spectator, 1988-1989 F30 Autograph draft with photocopies insertions, [n.d.] F31 Computer diskettes of a draft, [n.d.] 6 diskettes. F32 Photocopied typescript draft of Part I: The Invented Cosmos, [n.d.] F33 "Final Draft," [n.d.] -38 Photocopied typescript removed from a box labeled "Final Draft." 887 pp. F33 Preliminary material and pages 1-129 F34 Pages 130-283 4 F35 Pages 284-432 F36 Pages 433-587 F37 Pages 58-722 F38 Pages 723-859, plus bibliography, coda, notes, and author's biographical note 5 F39 Setting copy, 1988-1989 -46 Photocopied typescript draft used as the setting copy, which bears autograph corrections, editor's corrections, and printer's notations. Also includes inserted pages, layout instructions and a printed list of job specifications. 942 pp. F39 Layout and job specifications F40 Preliminary material F41 Pages 3-129 F42 Pages 130-283 F43 Pages 284-432 6 F44 Pages 433-561 F45 Pages 562-722 F46 Pages 723-860 7 Series VI. Page Proofs of An Invisible Spectator, 1988 Consists of copies of various page proofs for both the Bloomsbury and the Weidenfeld & Nicolson editions. Note: Bound page proofs of both editions of An Invisible Spectator were removed and are available in the printed collections of Special Collections. F47 Miscellaneous pages from the author's set of page proofs, 1988 Dec 20 Proofs bear autograph corrections and were for the Weidenfeld & Nicolson edition. 77 pp. F48 Author's page proofs, 1988 Oct 20-21 -52 Complete set with some autograph corrections, for the Weidenfeld & Nicolson edition. 508 pp. F48 Preliminary material and chapters 1-6 F49 Chapters 7-14 F50 Chapters 15-23 F51 Chapters 24-30 F52 Bibliography, notes, and author's biographical note Series VII. Published material, 1946-1989 Note: The published editions of An Invisible Spectator were removed and are available in the printed collections of Special Collections. F53 Sheet music for "Letter to Freddy," 1946 Words for this song were written by Gertrude Stein and music was composed by Paul Bowles. The copy is inscribed by Paul Bowles and dated January 13, 1978.
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