Special Collections Department
Rush Family Papers
Manuscript Collection Number: 314
Accessioned: Gift of the Moyerman Family, 1972.
Extent: 0.75 linear ft.
Content: Correspondence, typescripts, receipts, bank books, wills, and deeds.
Access: The collection is open for research.
Processed: February-March 1995 by J. Andrew Armacost.
Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Newark, Delaware 19717-5267
Table of Contents
- Series I.Rush family papers
- 1. Dr. Benjamin Rush and Julia Stockton Rush
- 2. Family of Richard Rush
- 3. James Rush (1786-1869)
- 4. Benjamin Rush (1791-1824)
- 5. Samuel Rush (1785-1859)
- 6. Unidentified Rush material
- 1. Dr. Benjamin Rush and Julia Stockton Rush
- Series II.Material about the Rush family
- 1. Dr. Benjamin Rush in the opinion of his revolutionary
contemporaries, a reply to the interested prejudice of
a recent writer
- 2. Copied letters
- 3. Anonymous biography of Dr. Benjamin Rush
- 4. Typescripts related to Alexander Biddle
- 1. Dr. Benjamin Rush in the opinion of his revolutionary
Biographical Note Scope and Content Note Series Outline
1 Series I. Rush Family Papers This series contains material authored by, or related to, individual members of the Rush family. Series I.1. Dr. Benjamin Rush and Julia Stockton Rush F1 Papers of Dr. Benjamin Rush, 1789-1813 Preserved are five receipts spanning the years 1782-1813, one letter (Apr 30, 1789) from Wallis & Keen concerning Dr. Rush, and a letter from Thomas Fitzsmons to Dr. Benjamin Rush, June 19, 1790. F2 Papers of Julia Stockton Rush, 1816-1848 Included is one receipt dated May 11, 1816 from Paul Williams and Co. Included as well are four letters one of which is a letter of introduction from Edward P. Fry on behalf of maestro Antonio Baroli. Three letters from her children are preserved, one from Anne Emily Rush Cuthbert (1799-1850) postmarked from Montreal, and two from her twelfth child Samuel Rush (1785-1859). An additional letter not listed below is preserved only in fragments. 1837 Jul 5 Anne Emily Rush Cuthbert to JSR 1840 Jul 14 Samuel Rush to JSR Jul 31 Samuel Rush to JSR 1848 Mar 7 Edward P. Fry for A. Baroli to JSR 1 Series I. Rush Family Papers (cont'd) Series I.2. The Family of Richard Rush Richard Rush (1780-1859)was the third child of Dr. Benjamin Rush and Julia Stockton Rush. F3 Estate and papers of Richard Rush, 1808-1835 Contains one 1808 vellum deed (removed to oversized) concerning land at 6th and Prune street in Philadelphia, and three letters. One letter written in London in 1819 concerns the arrival of General Cadwalader, and a second letter is a dinner invitation from the English diplomat David Urquhart (1805-1877). The last letter of 1835 requests a midshipmens warrant for his son Madison Rush Mahlon Dickerson (1770-1853), Secretary of the Navy. 1819 Jul 13 Richard Rush to [unknown] 1824 Dec 8 David Urquhart to Richard Rush 1835 Aug 3 Richard Rush to Mahlon Dickerson Attributed to the estate of Richard Rush is a published history of the title to the farm of Dr. Benjamin Rush called Sydeham. The history covers the years 1692-1860, and has been updated to 1861 with handwritten additions pertaining to the dispersal of Richard Rush's property by his sons. Brief of title, to lots of ground, situate on the west side of fifteenth street, in the twentieth ward of the city of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: T.H. Town, 1860. F4 Papers of Benjamin Rush, 1864-1877 Benjamin Rush (1811-1877) was the first child of Richard and Catherine Murray Rush. This folder contains two letters to J.H. McCalla dated 1863 and 1864, the second of which refers to General Cadwalader. The third letter is undated and from captain Joseph S. Biddle regarding the funeral of Madison Rush (d. 1856). Included as well is an announcement of Benjamin Rush's funeral in 1877. [1856 Jul 20] Joseph S. Biddle to Benjamin Rush 1863 Oct 29 Benjamin Rush to J.H. McCalla 1864 Oct 22 Benjamin Rush to J.H. McCalla 1 Series I. Rush Family Papers (cont'd) Series I.2. The Family of Richard Rush (cont'd) F5 Will of Madison Rush, 1856 Madison Rush (1821-1856) was the seventh child of Richard Rush and Catherine Murray Rush. This folder preserves a handwritten copy of his will made out in 1856 and registered April 29, 1857. F6 Papers of Richard H. Rush, 1856 Richard H. Rush (1825-1893) was the ninth child of Richard Rush and Catherine Murray Rush. This folder contains a page of calculations related to a curve in the Germantown Railroad between 20th and 21st streets. The leaf is numbered thirteen and dated September 3, 1856. Series I.3. James Rush (1786-1869) papers James Rush was the eleventh child of Dr. Benjamin Rush and Julia Stockton Rush. F7 Papers of James Rush, 1816-1855 Contains three receipts from 1816-1817, and a notebook which, according to the inscription, was used by J. Rush from September to November 1855 for revisions to the fifth edition of his book entitled The Philosophy of the human voice. F8 Estate papers of James Rush, (d. 1869) Contains a volume inventorying items from the estate sold to family members including a set of blue silk furniture from the breakfast room and a set of "Egyptian" china. Preserved as well are printed copies of: The Last will and testament of Dr. James Rush of the city of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: Collins, 1869. (removed to be cataloged with printed material) Provisions of the last will and testament of Dr. James Rush, relating to the Library Company of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: Collins, 1869. (removed to be cataloged with printed material) 1 Series I. Rush Family Papers (cont'd) Series I.4. Benjamin Rush (1791-1824) papers Benjamin was the tenth child of Dr. Benjamin Rush and Julia Stockton Rush F9 Papers of Benjamin Rush, 1824-1825 Included is one letter from Benjamin Rush's brother Samuel Rush that was sent aboard the ship Clothier commanded by captain John Phillips to Benjamin Rush who was then in Canton, China. Preserved as well are three letters of introduction from 1824, when Benjamin Rush relocated to the city of New Orleans to establish the firm of Rush and Ralston. One of these is to George Washington Campbell (1769-1848) former United States Senator and Secretary of the Treasury who was then living in Nashville. Another is from William Chandler, of the Philadelphia firm Chandler-Price, which were pioneers in the New Orleans trade. 1819 Jun 2 Samuel Rush to Benjamin Rush 1824 Sep 30 W. Chandler to Joseph Fowler Oct 4 Robert Ralston to L.T. Hobson & Co. Oct 10 Alex Sorman to G.W. Campbell 1825 Mar 23 J.R. Latimer to Benjamin Rush 2 Series I.5. Samuel Rush (1785-1859) papers Samuel Rush was the twelfth child of Benjamin Rush and Julia Stockton Rush. F10 Correspondence and receipts, 1824-1849 Includes receipts from 1824-1832, which include a bill for the coffin of his first son James Rush (1829-1831). Preserved as well is correspondence spanning the years 1837-1849, from Samuel Rush's nephew James Cuthbert (1800-1842), fellow Philadelphia lawyer William Henry Dillingham (1789-1854), and Joshua York of Pittsburgh. 1837 Nov 3 Joshua York to Samuel Rush 1840 Apr 6 W.H. Dillingham to Samuel Rush Oct 6 James Cuthbert to Samuel Rush 1845 Apr 25 Samuel Rush to S.W. Carmel Aug 18 John Guest for Edward G. Guest to Samuel Rush 2 Series I. Rush Family Papers (cont'd) Series I.5. Samuel Rush (1785-1859) papers (cont'd) F11 Choctaw Commission correspondence and papers, 1844-1850 Includes legal material, and a page of portraits made in November 1845. Preserved as well is correspondence related to General George S. Gains (1784-1873), who negotiated the removal, T. Hartly Crawford (1786-1863), Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Thomas L. McKenny (1785-1859) Superintendent of Indian Affairs, William B. Lewis (1784-1866) Second Auditor to the Treasury and a close associate of President Andrew Jackson, J.J. McRae enrolling and disbursing agent for the removal of the Choctaws, and Charles Fisher (1786-1849) former U.S. congressman and author of the 1844 book Choctaw claims. 1844 Jun 24 J.J. McRae to Samuel Rush and G.S. Gains Sep 4 Samuel Rush to T.H. Crawford Oct 16 Choctaw Commission to T.H. Crawford 1845 Feb 21 William B. Lewis to Samuel Rush Jun 12 Charles Fisher to Samuel Rush, G.S. Gains, and Tyler 1850 Jul 8 L.M. McKenny to Samuel Rush F12 Receipts, 1844-1849 Includes receipts for the West Chester Railroad Company; the City Hotel, Washington, D.C.; Wright and Brothers umbrellas; subscriptions to the newspaper Union of Washington, D.C.; and the jeweler Perry O'Daniel. F13 Material related to John R. Poizat, 1849 Samuel Rush appears to have acted as an intermediary in a real estate sale from Robert Mercier of West Chester to John R. Poizat of Philadelphia. Included are legal notes, signed agreements, as well as the following correspondence: 1849 Sep 7 John R. Poizat to Samuel Rush Sep 11 Samuel Rush to John R. Poizat Sep 12 Samuel Rush to John R. Poizat Sep 12 John R. Poizat to Samuel Rush Sep 21 John R. Poizat to Samuel Rush Sep 24 Samuel Rush to John R. Poizat 2 Series I. Rush Family Papers (cont'd) Series I.5. Samuel Rush (1785-1859) papers (cont'd) F14 Correspondence, 1850-1856, and n.d. Includes correspondence with his children, his friend E. Clapp, and fellow lawyer J. Williams Biddle (1821-1856). Preserved as well is a letter from Washington Townsend (1813-1895) requesting S. Rush to present an ode at the public dedication of the Oaklands cemetery in West Chester, and a letter from the Fame Fire Company of West Chester requesting S. Rush to present a lecture at their regular meeting. 1849 Jun 26 E. Clapp to Samuel Rush 1850 Sep 14 E. Clapp to Samuel Rush Oct 30 E. Clapp to Samuel Rush Nov 20 J. Williams Biddle to Samuel Rush Dec 7 J. Williams Biddle to Samuel Rush 1851 Jan 2 E. Clapp to Samuel Rush Jul 12 Samuel Rush to Sister Oct 10 William Rush to Samuel Rush Oct 22 William Rush to Samuel Rush 1853 Sep 28 William Rush to Samuel Rush Oct 5 William Rush and Julia W. Rush to Samuel Rush Oct 31 Washington Townsend to Samuel Rush Dec 14 W. Worthington, Jr. Henry Fleming, Jr. Cyrus P. Painter of the Fame Fire Co.to Samuel Rush 1854 Nov 2 William Rush to Samuel Rush 1856 Jul 21 Samuel Rush to Sister n.d. Aug 22 B. Rush (1811-1877) to Samuel Rush n.d. W.D. Jones to Samuel Rush F15 Bank books, 1848-1856 Contains two consecutive volumes recording his balance in the Bank of Chester County. F16 Receipts, 1850-1851, and n.d. Includes receipts for the West Chester Railroad Company, the clothier Bennett & Co., and the Pennsylvania Fire Insurance Company. 2 Series I. Rush Family Papers (cont'd) Series I.5. Samuel Rush (1785-1859) papers (cont'd) F17 Papers related to William Rush, 1845-1853 Preserves W. Rush's report cards from the West Chester Academy, one letter from Julia W. Rush and two from Samuel Rush. Includes as well copies of Euclid's theorems Samuel Rush made for W. Rush March 14, 1851. 1845 Mar 13 Julia Rush to William Rush 1851 Apr 11 Samuel Rush to William Rush 1853 Apr 13 Samuel Rush to William Rush Legal Material This collection generally relates to Samuel Rush's tenure as Deputy Attorney-General for Philadelphia County and Recorder of the city of Philadelphia. F18 Records of court cases, Oct 1839 and Feb 1840 These pages numbered 1-12 and 85-90, and covering October 23-28, 1839 and February 19-26, 1840, contain lists of litigants, and court decisions. F19 Records of court cases, May 10-Jul 9, 1841 These pages numbered 1-76, contain lists of litigants, some testimony, and court decisions. Indexed. F20 Papers related to legal matters, 1835-1850 Contains notes related to an 1835 estate case, a draft of a deposition made November 1845 related to the notebooks of Dr. Benjamin Rush, and other legal material. 2 Series I. Rush Family Papers (cont'd) Series I.6. Unidentified Rush material Ten items from Series I of the Rush Family Papers could not be specifically related to individuals in the family. In most cases this is the result of letters or receipts being addressed merely to Mr. or Mrs. Rush. F21 Unidentified Rush material, 1790-1876 Includes an April 25, 1790 invitation to meet the friends of Henry Hobart (1775-1830) at the King's head in the Market-Place seemingly addressed to Richard Rush who would only have been ten years of age. This may in fact be an invitation to Dr. Benjamin Rush, who according to his Commonplace Book, knew Henry Hobart. Included as well is a sheet detailing expenses related to architectural improvements to properties associated with the Rush estate. It is unclear which Rush this estate was associated with, but the architectural firm involved was that of Collins and Autenrieth. Included as well are two letters from an unidentified Sibyl to her father one of which is dated October 17, 1872, and an invitation to a Mr. Rush for the twenty-fifth wedding anniversary of William and Mary Lippincott. 3 Series II. Material about the Rush Family Series II.1. Dr. Benjamin Rush in the opinion of his revolutionary contemporaries, a reply to the interested prejudice of a recent writer This handwritten manuscript authored by Alexander Biddle (1819-1899) replies specifically to the publication of President Reed of Pennsylvania: a reply to George Bancroft and others, published in 1867. In subject, both this manuscript and the 1867 book to which it responds, contribute to the controversy that surrounded the publication of George Bancroft's ninth volume of his History of the United States, published in 1866. This annotated MS contains paginated and unpaginated pages in what may represent various stages of revision. As described in F22 the text was corroborated with extracts of letters. F22 Title page and unpaginated text These leaves may represent a previous draft of the document that appears in F23 or a different section of the final work. Each Page bears significant annotations and revisions. Title page includes an epigraph from Romans 2:1. F23 Text pages 1-4, 4, 6, 10-11, 16-27 These pages are inconsistently paginated and may represent fragments of various versions. The pages bear numerous revisions throughout. F24 Letter extracts related to Dr. Benjamin Rush, pp. 1-10 Pages one and two reproduce letters published in Thomas Jefferson Randolph ed. Memoir, correspondence, and miscellanies, from the papers of Thomas Jefferson, Vol. 4. (Charlottesville, Va: F. Carr and Co., 1829). F25 Letter extracts related to Dr. Benjamin Rush, pp. 11-19 Page 17 contains an extract from Eli K. Price, Memoir of Philip and Rachel Price, (Philadelphia: Printed for Eli K. Price and Philip M. Price, 1852). Series II.2. Copied Letters These handwritten pages preserve letters formerly in the possession but unpublished by Alexander Biddle. They consist of letters from John Adams to Dr. Benjamin Rush during the period 1810-1813. F26 Pages -30, containing letters from 1810-1812 F27 Pages 31-64, containing letters from 1812-1813 3 Series II. Material about the Rush Family (cont'd) Series II.3. Anonymous Biography of Dr. Benjamin Rush F28 Biography of Benjamin Rush Anonymously authored typescript describing the life of Dr. Benjamin Rush. Annotated 10pp. This was published in John Welsh Croskey comp., History of Blockley: A History of the Philadelphia General Hospital from its inception, 1731-1928, (Philadelphia: F.A. Davis, 1929), 526-532. Series II.4. Typescripts related to Alexander Biddle This series preserves partial typescripts for both volumes of Alexander Biddle's publication of Dr. Benjamin Rush's letters. Each volume o the two volume set bore an individual title. Volume I, Old Family Letters: copied from the originals for Alexander Biddle, Series A. F29 Pages A-62 to A-89, and A-133 to A-139 These pages correspond to published pages 57-83, and 125-132. F30 Pages A-157 to A-191 These correspond to published pages 148-182. F31 Pages A-331 to A-342, A-350 to A-364, and B-1 to B-2. These pages correspond to published pages 308-318, 324-337. The pages in the B series appear not to have been published, they record letters to Dr. Benjamin Rush from John Quincy Adams, June 15, 1812; and from Samuel Adams April 14, 1785. Volume II, Old Family Letters relating to Yellow Fever, Series B. F32 Pages -28, 62-63, 71-82, and 80-82. These pages correspond to published pages 3-31, 65-67, 74-82, and 83-86.
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