University of Delaware Library

Greenwatch Institute.

Greenwatch Institute records

1977-2004

(bulk dates 1991-1995)


Descriptive Summary

Identification: MSS 716


Creator: Greenwatch Institute.


Title: Greenwatch Institute records


Inclusive Dates: 1977-2004


Bulk Dates: 1991-1995


Extent: 3 linear feet (3 boxes)


Abstract: Greenwatch Institute was created in 1992 as the result of a legal settlement with Keystone Cogenerations Systems Inc., in which a trust fund was established to be used for projects benefitting the environment. Greenwatch Institute administers those funds. Delaware author and environmentalist Jerry Shields was chairman of Greenwatch Institute from its founding until his death in 1998. This collection largely represents his work for the Institute. The papers of Greenwatch Institute comprise legal, administrative, and research materials produced during the institute's founding and early operations.


Language: Materials entirely in English.



Citation

MSS 716, Greenwatch Institute records, Special Collections, University of Delaware Library, Newark, Delaware.

Shelving Summary

Boxes 1-3: Shelved in SPEC MSS record center cartons

Location

Special Collections, University of Delaware Library / Newark, Delaware 19717-5267 / Phone: 302-831-2229 / Fax: 302-831-6003 / URL: http://www.lib.udel.edu/ud/spec/

Source

Gift of Greenwatch Institute, 2005.

Processing

Processed and encoded by Cheryl Mariani, March 2015.


The collection is open for research.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections, University of Delaware Library, http://www.lib.udel.edu/cgi-bin/askspec.cgi


Historical Note

Greenwatch Institute was created in 1992 as the result of a settlement with Keystone Cogenerations Systems Inc.

Greenwatch was officially incorporated by January 3, 1993 and gained exemption status as a non-profit organization in 1995. In August 1991, Keystone was granted Coastal Zone and subaqueous land permits by the Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control (DNREC), allowing the company to build a coal-fired electric- and steam-generating plant in Logan Township, N.J., and a 1,600-foot pier into the Delaware River. Seven environmental activists (including Jerry Shields) appealed the permits and after a legal labyrinth, negotiated a tough settlement that gave the appellants an independent engineer to monitor the pier and water intake and provided $450,000 for establishment of a trust fund "to be used for projects benefitting the environment." Greenwatch Institute administers those funds.

Since its founding, Greenwatch Institute has engaged in environmental advocacy, acted as a watchdog, and supported fellow Delaware environmental groups. The members of Greenwatch monitor compliance of the Logan Generating Plant in Salem, New Jersey, as it unloads hundreds of tons of coal each year. They have also supported the Brandywine and Christina Rivers Task Force, which evaluated these waterways and made recommendations to protect and improve them. Greenwatch Institute works to protect and enhance the environment in the region of the Delaware River estuary.

Biographical Note

Delaware author and environmentalist Jerry Shields was chairman of Greenwatch Institute from its founding until his death in 1998. This collection largely represents his work for the Institute.

Born in 1935 in North Carolina, Jerry Shields received A.B. and M.A. degrees in journalism from the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill. He went on to receive a Ph.D. in English from Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. and taught for a while at Slippery Rock College in Pennsylvania. In 1972, Shields moved to Dover and spent time teaching at Wesley College, Delaware State University, and Wilmington College.

Shields began writing professionally in 1978, authoring three books and many articles and pamphlets. His literary works include The Invisible Billionaire-Daniel Ludwig , Gath's Literary Work and Folk and Other Selected Writings of George Alfred Townsend , and Doctors on the New Frontier . His biography of Townsend, a famed Civil War journalist, won first place in the National Federation of Press Women Contest.

In his later years, Shields became interested in environmental causes. In addition to his work for Greenwatch Institute, Shields was also chairman of Watch Our Waterways. He was instrumental in implementing the Coastal Zone Act in Delaware, and he testified before congressional committees over one hundred times on a range of environmental issues.

Shields also served on the Delaware Low Level Radiological Policy Task Group, the Delaware Solid Waste Advisory Committee, the Delaware Nature Education Advocacy Committee, the Citizen's Coalition for Tax Reform, and the Sierra Club's National Energy Committee. He was active in the movement to build adequate housing for the Delaware State Archives and taught in both Elderhostel and Southern Delaware Academy of Lifelong Learning programs. Shields worked regularly with the Delaware Heritage Commission and contributed to organizing its annual Delaware Authors Day. He was known both for his literary contributions and political activism. At the time of his death in 1998, Shields was working on a new book about Patty Cannon, an infamous Delaware slave trader and murderer.

Sources:

Reid, John P. "Jerry A. Shields: A Tribute." www.dca.net/jreid/shields.html (accessed January 28, 2002).

"Jerry Shields, 63; environmentalist." The News Journal, October 27, 1998.

Shields, Jerry. "Paper unfair to environmentalists." The News Journal, August 30, 1992.


Scope and Content Note

The papers of Greenwatch Institute comprise legal, administrative, and research materials produced during the institute's founding and early operations.

The collection is organized in two series: I. Administrative files and II. Operations, largely preserved in original order as maintained by Greenwatch Institute.

The first series, Administrative files, consists of files related to the Institute's creation through the Keystone court case, as well as files related to the bylaws and personnel that formed the Institute's structure. Materials include legal papers, court transcripts, bylaws, correspondence, personal notes, press clippings, and research reports.

The second series, Operations, includes files related to Greenwatch Institute's research and activities, particularly regarding the Salem Nuclear Plant and the Brandywine and Christina Rivers Task Force. Materials include correspondence, informational booklets, research reports, press clippings, and personal notes.


Selected Search Terms

Personal Names
Shields, Jerry.
Corporate Names
Delaware. Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control.
Salem Nuclear Power Plant (N.J.)
Topical Terms
Environmental policy--Delaware--History--20th century.
Energy industries--Environmental aspects--Delaware--History--20th century.
Rivers--Delaware--History--20th century.
Waterways--Delaware--History--20th century.
Geographic Names
Brandywine Creek (Pa. and Del.)
Delaware--History--20th century.
Delaware River Estuary.
Form/Genre Terms
Legal documents.
Correspondence.
Reports.
Clippings (information artifacts)
Photographs.
Occupation
Political activists--United States.

Related Materials in this Repository

June D. MacArtor papers

MSS 528, Gwynne P. Smith papers


  • I. Administrative files
    • I.A. Bylaws
    • I.B. Keystone case
    • I.C. Personnel
  • II. Operations
    • II.A. Salem Nuclear Plant
    • II.B. Brandywine and Christina Rivers Task Force
    • II.C. Reports and printed materials
    • II.D. Environmental organizations

Detailed Contents List

Series I. Administrative files , 1990-2004
Subseries I.A. Bylaws , 1992-1994

Bylaws drafts , 1994   [Box 1 F1]

Delaware Community Foundation Proposal , 1992   [Box 1 F2]

Greenwatch bylaws , 1993-1994   [Box 1 F3]

Greenwatch bylaws , 1994   [Box 1 F4]

Greenwatch bylaws drafts , 1994   [Box 1 F5]

Marjory Stone - Greenwatch incorporation and bylaws , 1992-1993   [Box 1 F6]

Subseries I.B. Keystone case , 1990-2004

Jacobs and Crumplar disciplinary hearing , 1994   [Box 1 F7]

Keystone engineer reports from Virgil Keith , 1993-1994   [Box 1 F8]

Virgil Keith correspondence , 1994   [Box 1 F9]

Appelants against settlement , 1992-1994   [Box 1 F10]

Virgil Keith trans-Alaska pipeline , circa 1994   [Box 1 F11]

Virgil Keith correspondence , 1992-1994   [Box 1 F12]

News articles and rebuttals , 1992   [Box 1 F13]

folder 1 of 2

News articles and rebuttals , 1992   [Box 1 F14]

folder 2 of 2

Judge Bifferato hearing , 1993-1994   [Box 1 F15]

Settlement , 1992   [Box 1 F16]

Zencey appeal , 1992   [Box 1 F17]

Zencey photograph and obituary , 2004   [Box 1 F18]

Crumplar correspondence , 1994   [Box 1 F19]

Judge Taylor's opinions , 1992   [Box 1 F20]

Transcript of 1981 appeal from coastal zone status decision , circa 1994   [Box 1 F21]

Greenwatch institute - early records and meetings , 1992-1994   [Box 1 F22]

Keystone research , 1990-1991   [Box 1 F23]

Akutowicz Conway and Zencey briefs , 1994   [Box 1 F24]

Jacobs and Crumplar , 1992-1995   [Box 1 F25]

Bifferato rulings , 1993-1994   [Box 1 F26]

Marjory Stone and Ed Luria correspondence , 1992-1994   [Box 1 F27]

Greenwatch - general administration and research , 1996-1997   [Box 1 F28]

folder 1 of 2

Greenwatch - general administration and research , 1996-1997   [Box 1 F29]

folder 2 of 2

Settlement agreement , 1992   [Box 1 F30]

Keystone appeal , 1991   [Box 1 F31]

folder 1 of 2

Keystone appeal , 1991   [Box 1 F32]

folder 2 of 2

Environmental trust fund proposal , 1992   [Box 2 F33]

Poole and Drane correspondence , 1993-1994   [Box 2 F34]

Shields correspondence , 1991-1992   [Box 2 F35]

Attorney billing , 1993   [Box 2 F36]

Akutowicz Conway and Zencey correspondence , 1992-1993   [Box 2 F37]

Greenwater motion to transfer funds , 1992-1993   [Box 2 F38]

Keystone appeal , 1991-1993   [Box 2 F39]

Akutowicz Conway and Zencey appeals , 1994   [Box 2 F40]

Keystone chronology , 1993   [Box 2 F41]

Fax cover sheets , 1992-1994   [Box 2 F42]

Memo for transfer of settlement funds , 1993   [Box 2 F42a]

Keystone final decision , 1994-1995   [Box 2 F43]

Motion to affirm , 1991-1994   [Box 2 F44]

folder 1 of 2

Motion to affirm , 1991-1994   [Box 2 F45]

folder 2 of 2

Legal briefs , 1991-1992   [Box 2 F46]

folder 1 of 2

Legal briefs , 1991-1992   [Box 2 F47]

folder 2 of 2

Appelants' reply brief , 1995   [Box 2 F48]

Subseries I.C. Personnel , 1992-1998

Engineer search , 1992   [Box 2 F49]

Virgil Keith application , circa 1992   [Box 2 F50]

Flaherty lobbyist correspondence , 1998   [Box 2 F51]

Series II. Operations , 1977-2002
Subseries II.A. Salem Nuclear Plant , 1993-1995

Salem Nuclear Plant , 1993-1995   [Box 2 F52]

folder 1 of 3

Salem Nuclear Plant , 1993-1995   [Box 2 F53]

folder 2 of 3

Salem Nuclear Plant , 1993-1995   [Box 2 F54]

folder 3 of 3

Salem generating station permit , 1993   [Box 3 F55]

folder 1 of 2

Salem generating station permit , 1993   [Box 3 F56]

folder 2 of 2

Subseries II.B. Brandywine and Christina Rivers Task Force , 1992-1996

Brandywine and Christina Rivers Task Force , 1992-1993   [Box 3 F57]

Task force on the future of the Brandywine and Christina Rivers , 1993   [Box 3 F58]

Brandywine and Christina Rivers , 1993-1996   [Box 3 F59]

Brandywine and Christina Task Force administrative file , 1992-1993   [Box 3 F60]

Brandywine and Christina Rivers information , 1992   [Box 3 F61]

folder 1 of 2

Brandywine and Christina Rivers information , 1992   [Box 3 F62]

folder 2 of 2

Subseries II.C. Reports and printed materials , 1977-2002

Pea Patch Island , 1996   [Box 3 F63]

folder 1 of 2

Pea Patch Island , 1996   [Box 3 F64]

folder 2 of 2

Virgil Keith reports , 1977-2002   [Box 3 F65]

Coastal energy activities management plan , 1984   [Box 3 F66]

Open space and historic resources perservation , 1992   [Box 3 F67]

Conservation directory of Pennsylvania , 1992   [Box 3 F68]

Subseries II.D. Environmental organizations , 1988-1998

Environmental groups , 1988-1998   [Box 3 F69]

folder 1 of 2

Environmental groups , 1988-1998   [Box 3 F70]

folder 2 of 2

Environmental groups , 1997   [Box 3 F71]