University of Delaware Library

Rosenthal, L. N. (Louis N.)

Rosenthal lithographic prints of Civil War encampments

1861–1865


Descriptive Summary

Identification: GRA 106


Creator: Rosenthal, L. N. (Louis N.)


Title: Rosenthal lithographic prints of Civil War encampments


Inclusive Dates: 1861–1865


Extent: 23 items


Abstract: The Rosenthal lithographic prints of Civil War encampments comprises 23 color lithographs printed by Rosenthal's Lith. of Philadelphia between 1861 and 1865.


Language: Materials entirely in English.



Citation

GRA 106, Rosenthal lithographic prints of Civil War encampments, Special Collections, University of Delaware Library, Newark, Delaware.

Shelving Summary

Box 1: Shelved in SPEC GRA oversize boxes (18 inches)

Location

Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library / Newark, Delaware 19717-5267 / Phone: 302-831-2229 / Fax: 302-831-6003 / URL: http://www.lib.udel.edu/ud/spec/

Source

Unknown.

Processing

Processed by Iris Snyder, 1997. Encoded by Jillian Kuzma, February 2009.

Materials Available in Alternative Format

Digital copies of the lithographs are available at the University of Delaware Libraries Digital Collections site: http://fletcher.lib.udel.edu/.


The collection is open for research.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Use of materials from this collection beyond the exceptions provided for in the Fair Use and Educational Use clauses of the U.S. Copyright Law may violate federal law. Permission to publish or reproduce is required from the copyright holder. Please contact Special Collections Department, University of Delaware Library, http://www.lib.udel.edu/cgi-bin/askspec.cgi


Historical Note

Rosenthal's Lith. was an important lithographic printing company, active in Philadelphia from 1852 to 1884. The company included four Polish-born brothers who had immigrated to America: Louis, Morris, Simon, and Max Rosenthal. Max Rosenthal (1833-1918), who was skilled in etching, illustration, and lithography, was the artistic backbone of the group. Born in Poland, he was sent to Paris at age thirteen and apprenticed to the lithographer Martin Thurwanger. Both Rosenthal and Thurwanger immigrated to the United States around 1849 or 1850 to produce lithographs of scientific subjects for the government. Thurwanger returned to France and Rosenthal worked briefly for the lithographer Napoleon Sarony.

Max Rosenthal became a partner with his older brother Louis in a printing business, and they were soon joined by Morris and Simon. Louis was a publisher and printer, and Morris and Simon branched into other parts of the business. Max became well known as a lithographer and, after his retirement in 1884, devoted his attention to teaching, mezzotint engraving, and oil painting. With his son Albert Rosenthal, also an artist, Max Rosenthal produced over five hundred portrait prints of famous American political and military figures. Original drawings for his portrait work are held by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.

Rosenthal's Lith. produced both hand-colored lithographs and chromolithographs and is remembered for pioneering work in this field. They produced some of the earliest chromolithographs in the United States, including Charles W. Webber's Hunter-Naturalist, published in 1851, and a number of large views of Philadelphia architecture. A number of these Philadelphia prints were based on watercolors and sketches by Max Rosenthal. They produced book illustrations of Philadelphia views, caricatures of famous people, and works for the federal government.

Sources:

Peters, Harry T. America on Stone: The Other Printmakers to the American People. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran, c1931.


Scope and Content Note

The Rosenthal lithographic prints of Civil War encampments comprises 23 color lithographs printed by Rosenthal's Lith. of Philadelphia between 1861 and 1865.The views are a part of a large number of Civil War battle and camp scenes published by the company. Over one hundred and fifty views of specific battles and encampments were made from pencil drawings and hand-colored after printing. Although not signed, the images are credited to Max Rosenthal, who had a pass giving him access to every camp of the Army of the Potomac.

Each image bears publishing information: "Entered according to act of Congress in the year 18xx, by L.N. Rosenthal, in the Clerk's Off. of the Dist. Ct. of the Eastern Dist. of Penn., Rothenthal's Lith., 327 Walnut St., Phila." The images measure 15 x 27 cm. (a few vary in size) and are bordered by gold frame-lines. The encampment scenes may have been produced on commission for direct sale to the soldiers and their families.

Each finished print on paper measures approximately 28 x 38 cm. The papers bear staining and small tears and chipping, but conservation work in 2009 included cleaning, backing, and new protective housing. This collection appears to have been obtained from several sources and was not brought together by a known collector.


Selected Search Terms

Corporate Names
Rosenthal's Lith.
Topical Terms
Military camps--19th century--Pictorial works.
Color lithographs--19th century--Specimens.
Geographic Names
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Pictorial works.
Form/Genre Terms
Color lithographs.
Occupation
Soldiers.
Personal Contributors
Rosenthal, Max, 1833-1918.

The prints are arranged alphabetically by camp or fort name; two of these camps are named by proximity to cities, i.e. "Camp near Alexandria, Va."


Detailed Contents List

Fort Alexander, 18th Regt. Me. Vols., 1862   [Box 1 Item 1]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 30 cm.

Col. Daniel Chaplin. 18th Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry.

Camp — (near Alexandria, Va.), 19th Regt. Connecticut Vols., 1862   [Box 1 Item 2]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. L. W. Wessels, Commdg. 19th Regiment, Connecticut Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Andrews, 128th Regt. P.V. in the Vicinity of Fort Worth , 1862   [Box 1 Item 3]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

W. H. Andrews, Capt. Commdg. 128th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Boas, 127th Regt. P. V., 1862   [Box 1 Item 4]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. W. W. Jennings, Commdg.; Lieut. Col. H. C. Alleman; Major G. Rohner. 127th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Brightwood, 10th Massachusetts Volunteers, undated   [Box 1 Item 5]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. Henry S. Briggs. 10th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Brightwood, Winter Quarters of the 7th Massachusetts Vols., undated   [Box 1 Item 6]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. N. H. Davis. 7th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Chase, 12th Regt. R. I. Vols., 1862    [Box 1 Item 7]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. George H. Brown, Commdg. 12th Regiment, Rhode Island Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Chase, 147th Regt., N.Y.S.V., 1862    [Box 1 Item 8]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. A. P. Warner, Commdg. 147th Regiment, New York State Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Chase, Va., 11th Regt, N. H. Vols., 1862   [Box 1 Item 9]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. Walter Harrinan Commdg. 11th Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry.

Camp near Falmouth, Va.; 84th Pa. V., Lt. Col. Milton Opp Com'd'g. ; Camp 1st U.S.S.S., Lt. Col. Caspar Frepp, Com'd'g.; Camp 2d U.S.S.S., Maj. Homer R. Stoughton Com'd'g.; Camp 110th Pa. V., Capt. Isaac Rogers Com'd'g., undated   [Box 1 Item 10]

1 print : lithograph ; 20 x 36 cm.

Hiram Berdan, Col. Comdg. 3d Brig. 3d Div. 3d A.C. 84th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry; 1st Regiment, United States Sharp Shooters; 2d Regiment, United States Sharp Shooters; 110th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers; 3d Brigade, 3d Division, Active Component.

Camp Fornet, 22d Regt. New Jersey Volunts., 1862    [Box 1 Item 11]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. Cornelius Fornet, Lieut. Col. Alex Douglas, Major A. G. Demarest. 22d Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Hathaway, 141st Regt N.Y.S.V., 1863   [Box 1 Item 12]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

S. G. Hathaway, Col. Commanding. 141st Regiment, New York State Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Knox, 11th Regt. Me. Vols., 1861    [Box 1 Item 13]

1 print : lithograph ; 14 x 26 cm.

John C. Caldwell, Colonel. 11th Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Morris, 15th Regt. New Jersey Vols., 1862   [Box 1 Item 14]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. Samuel Fowler, Commdg. 15th Regiment, New Jersey Volunteer Infantry.

Camp of the 131st Regt. Pa Vols., 1862    [Box 1 Item 15]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

P. H. Allabach, Col.; Lieut. Col. Wm. B. Shaut, Act. Col. 131st Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Palmer, 1st Regiment Mich. Cavalry, 1861    [Box 1 Item 16]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 26 cm.

Col. T. F. Broadhead, Lient. Col. T. J. Copeland, 1st Major W. S. Atwood, 2nd A. Paldi, 3rd C. H. Town. 1st Regiment, Michigan Volunteer Cavalry.

Fort Pennsylvania, Head Quarters of the 113th Regt. N.Y.S.V., 1862   [Box 1 Item 17]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. O. L. Morricee, Commdg. 113th Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Pomroy, 111th Regiment, New York, 1863    [Box 1 Item 18]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. J. Segoine, Commdg. 111th Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Seward, 22nd Regt. Me. V., 1862    [Box 1 Item 19]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. S. G. Jerrard, Commdg. 22d Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Seward, 27th Regt. Me. Vs., undated   [Box 1 Item 20]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

27th Regiment, Maine Volunteers, Col. R. P. Tapley. Lt. Col. M. J. Wentworth. Majr. Ja. L.? Stone. Note: dome of the Capitol visible in the background. 27th Regiment, Maine Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Seward, 170th N.Y.V., 2d Regiment - Corcoran's Legion, 1862    [Box 1 Item 21]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. Peter McDermott Lieut. Colonel J. P. McIvor. 170th Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry. 2d Regiment, Corcoran's Irish Legion.

Camp Vermont, Va. 4th Dele Infy, 1863   [Box 1 Item 22]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. A. H. Grimshaw. Comd. 3rd. Brigade Lt. Col. C. Carroll Tevis. Major C. E. LaMotte, Adjt. W. H. Cloward. Q. Master John J. Toner. 4th Regiment, Delaware Volunteer Infantry.

Camp Worcester, 34th Mass. Vols. , 1862   [Box 1 Item 23]

1 print : lithograph ; 15 x 27 cm.

Col. Geo. D. Wells, Commdg. 34th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry.