University of Delaware Library

Special Collections Department


George Handy Papers

1845 - 1871

(bulk dates 1846 - 1850)

Manuscript Collection Number: 133
Accessioned: Gift of Daniel Moore Bates, 1945
Extent: .6 linear ft. (273 items)
Content: Letters and business documents
Access: The collection is open for research.
Processed: 1945 by Margaret Larson

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Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Newark, Delaware 19717-5267
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Table of Contents


Introductory Note

The George Handy Papers, 1845-1871 (bulk 1846-1850), comprises 273 letters and business documents from a prominent Philadelphia-based nineteenth-century merchant. The collection, as a whole, reflects social and personal relations with Handy family members in Philadelphia, New Orleans, and Mississippi, as well as other friends; and business and economic affairs of domestic and foreign commerce, much of which was conducted by shipping through the ports of Philadelphia and New Orleans, or via the Mississippi and Ohio rivers.

Correspondence in the collection is addressed to George Handy in either Philadelphia or New Orleans, where he conducted business on behalf of his Philadelphia firm, Samuel Hildeburn & Co. There is frequent reference to St. Louis, Louisville, and Cincinnati, as well as New Orleans and Philadelphia; and travel is described as undertaken via steamboat, canal boat, stage, and rail. Handy engaged in purchase and sale of cotton, sugar, pork, lard, bacon, wheat, corn, molasses, turpentine, and, to a lesser extent, gunpowder, pecans, and peaches. Other business ventures involved loans, mortgages, and property transfers.

Throughout the letters, Handy received news of national events, such as the 1848 presidential election of Zachary Taylor, the swelling “California gold fever,” or fires in Nashville and St. Louis, in 1847 and 1849, respectively. Epidemics of smallpox, yellow fever, and cholera were specifically reported in the correspondence, as such episodes threatened quarantines and other risks for commercial shipping. Cholera swept the country in 1848/1849, as described in news from New Orleans, Kentucky, Tennessee, Philadelphia, and Cincinnati.

The collection was arranged chronologically by Margaret Lawson in 1945, who wrote the following comments and calendar for the papers.


Comments On George Handy Papers

The correspondence of George Handy from 1846 to 1850 reveals him to be a man well-known and respected in the Philadelphia of his day. His association with Samuel Hildeburn & Co., merchants, made his name prominent in the business world, and the warm and gracious personality that is evident in his personal letters won for him a large circle of friends.

George Handy was the only living member of his generation in the Handy family in the years from 1846 to 1850, except for three cousins: A.H. Handy, of Canton, Mississippi, who had occasion to write very infrequently on business; Martha Marshall, also of Canton; and George Martin, a cousin, of Charleston, Mississippi. Most of Handy's personal correspondence consists of letters from his nephews. Three of them, Isaac, Edward, and Aleck Handy, are usually spoken about together and presumably were brothers. There are letters from two of them, Edward and Isaac, written from Philadelphia, where Isaac was active in politics, and Edward in business. There is no mention made of Aleck's place of residence or occupation, and he never found occasion to write to Handy. A fourth nephew, John Ewing, bought a tract of land in St. Mary's, Elk County, Pennsylvania, and moved there from Philadelphia in 1848. He was evidently in a poor position financially, and was discouraged about his new surroundings amid a group of German settlers, who lived under primitive conditions, but to all appearances must have stayed on his farm, which was rich in undeveloped resources. There is a rather large group of letters from Joseph W. Allen, a nephew who lived in New Orleans. He was an emotional young man, and reacted very strongly to current events, seeing in them the hand of God. His writings, however, are informative, speaking of politics, business, and world affairs with understanding. It is possible that Allen was a preacher, for he mentions speaking before church groups. Among George Handy's letters are several from nieces in St. Louis, Elizabeth and Margaret Carroll. They are written during the cholera epidemic and fires in St. Louis, and are interesting in that they reflect the religious attitude of the period toward events of a disastrous nature.

The friends of George Handy from whom he received correspondence during the years from 1846 to 1850 were numerous. Those who figure most prominently are his friends in Dover, Delaware, Mr. and Mrs. Bates, and Mr. and Mrs. Gove Saulsbury. Handy was often a visitor in Dover and Wilmington. In New Orleans, where Handy spent the winter months until 1849, his best friends were Dr. Scott, a minister, and Robert Powell, with whom he had business dealings, and with whom Joseph Allen lived during the winter of 1849, when Handy was unable to make the journey to New Orleans. There is a letter from John Richardson of Philadelphia, written from Warm Springs, Georgia, a fashionable resort at the time. Mr. Richardson writes with excellent style, describing the countryside, and telling of traveling conditions and the lot of the southern Negro. Thomas Robins, a business associate of Philadelphia, was a frequent correspondent, and speaks of the effect on business of the California gold rush, the cholera epidemic, and the cholera quarantine for ships. Among the other friends of George Handy were George Collier, of St. Louis, who saw in the cholera epidemic and fire in St. Louis the need for the establishment of a reliable insurance agency in the West; Ralph King, a merchant, who writes from Bremen, Germany, of the conditions of international trade, and of economic prospects for Germany; and Lewis Whiteman of Cincinnati, who considers Handy very lucky to be living with his (Handy's) adopted daughter and her children. In addition to these, George Handy had acquaintances in New York, Memphis, Nashville, and other cities. He was constantly the recipient of requests for financial aid, and his reputation indicated that he was generous in his compliance. In one instance Littleton Quinton of Cincinnati asked Handy to use his influence with the Secretary of Treasury or other persons in Washington to encourage his appointment as Surveyor of the Port in Cincinnati. Again, Theodore Dahlgren, a stranger to Handy, asks his aid in obtaining work, having been injured at sea, and interned in the Marine Hospital. Handy advanced the money necessary for Joseph Calvin, an aspiring young minister, to attend Princeton Theological Seminary, and gave his financial assistance to many other persons, some of them unknown to him.

In 1846 Samuel Hildeburn & Co., with whom Handy had his business affiliations, was conducting a profitable commission business. The company was located in Philadelphia, where both foreign and domestic trade was handled. During the winter George Handy represented the company in New Orleans, supervising the purchase of goods for shipment to Philadelphia and selling goods to the South. The purchases Handy made consisted for the most part of cotton, tobacco, sugar from the West Indies, pork from up the river, wheat and corn, also from the up-river country, molasses, and turpentine. Goods were shipped to New Orleans from Cincinnati, St. Louis, and Louisville by steamboat and flatboat. The purchase of perishable goods involved a large risk, for cotton was damaged by rain while being shipped in open boats, and often pork and lard was spoiled. From New Orleans the goods were shipped around to Philadelphia. During the cholera epidemic in 1848-1849 a quarantine of cholera-infected ships from New Orleans was instituted in Philadelphia.

Because of adverse business conditions created by the cholera epidemic, a poor cotton season, and probably a number of undetermined causes, the Hildeburn Co. began to decline in 1849. In January Watson Hildeburn was "dissolved by limitation," and the remaining members of the company formed a co-partnership as Hildeburn & Bros. Co. A letter from John Hildeburn the same month reviews the financial status of the firm. He is not pessimistic, but looks forward to a good year, for good reason. In 1847 the company had lost $20,000, but $6,000 profit in 1848 had dissolved a part of the debt. Plans were made to make up the rest of the deficit by November, 1849, when the senior partner planned to retire. John Hildeburn planned to do a very large business of $350,000 in the coming year with 4% profit. In February foreign imports showed a decrease of 1/4 to 1/3 from 1848. By April only $2000 worth of business had been transacted, as compared to $70,000 by April of the preceding year. In November letters appeared regretting the news that Handy's firm has been dissolved. At the same time land belonging to Handy was sold to repay a note held by the United States Bank.

After April, 1850, there are no letters to Handy, and no mention is made in documents relating to his estate of the date of his death. The rest of the papers deal with the taxes on his estate, and are addressed to George Handy Bates, Wilmington, Delaware. William Woodruff, land agent in Arkansas, advised Bates and Edward Handy to sell the lands belonging to George Handy's estate in Arkansas, since they were not of very great value. There is no indication of the actual worth of Handy's estate.


Contents List

Box -- Folder -- Contents


1    F1   1845

     Dec 12    Certificate of Insurance for T. B.
               Eastland for $14,000
     Dec 17    Certificate of Insurance for T. B.
               Eastland for $6,000


     F2   1846 May-Dec
     May 14    Commercial Court of New Orleans to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Petition of William Karr for a privilege
               claim of $600 against the sale by George
               Handy for payment of a debt of a boat owned
               by James Lee.  Judgement was in favor of
               petitioner.

     Jun 20    Settlement of a debt of N.D. Elliott of
               Tennessee to George Handy.

     Jul 13    Timothy D. Lincoln, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Summary of law on holding to bail and upon
               attaching property in courts of the State of
               Pennsylvania, County of Pennsylvania, and
               City of Philadelphia.

     Jul 21    W. W. Hoffman, New Orleans, to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.
               Tells of sale of the boat of “James Lee” at
               $15,000 to satisfy the claims of George Handy
               and others.

     Jul 25    C. Woodburn, Madison, La., to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.
               Information concerning market price of sides
               of bacon in New Orleans and advice to Handy
               to retain those he has for awhile.

     Jul 28    C. Woodburn, Madison, La., to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.
               Continuation of matters of previous letter.

     Aug 4     George Handy, Philadelphia, to C. Woodburn,
               Madison, La.
               Advises selling bacon at high price.

     Aug 15    C. Woodburn, Madison, La., to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.
               Concerning sale of sides of bacon owned by
               George Handy.
     
     Aug 19    Powell & Bryan, Peoria, La.(?), to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Concerning an offer from Mr. Donlin to buy
               notes held by George Handy on Mr. Donlin's
               brother, who has absconded.  Powell & Bryan
               ask for power of attorney for the
               transaction.

     Aug 26    C. Woodburn, Madison, La., to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.
               Is preparing to ship bacon to New Orleans for
               sale.

     Aug 31    J. B. McIlwain, Maysville, Ky., to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Request for the loan of $5,000 at 6% semi-
               annual interest.  Money derangement caused by
               the war has lessened.  Crops of corn and
               number of hogs very large.

     Sep 4     Duncan Ripley, Louisville, Ky., to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Matters relating to the deed for the Bayless
               property; the mortgage on the Clendenin
               property; insurance on the Clendenin
               property.

     Sep 30    David Macy, Lawrenceburg, Ind. to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Concerning the purchase of a tract of land
               for George Handy.

     Oct 6     Garnett Duncan, Louisville, Ky., to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Regarding a lien by the Bank of New Orleans
               on property purchased for George Handy, who
               must now pay the debt.

     Oct 19    David Macy, Lawrenceburg, Ind. to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Account of cost of land bought for George
               Handy at public auction, as a result of the
               decision in the case of Symington vs.
               Campbell. Asks whether Handy wants land sold
               at less than cost.

     Oct 28    Elizabeth Carroll, St. Louis, Mo., to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Personal and family news items.  Speaks of
               Charly, Maggie, and
               Ellen.

     Oct 28    Margaret Carroll, St. Louis, to her uncle,
               George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Personal.  Asks why he doesn't write.  Speaks
               of Anne, Charly, Lizzie, Uncle Isaac, Mr. P.
               Powell.

1    F2   1846 May-Dec (cont’d)

     Nov 26    Charles C. Ware, Texas County, Mo., to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks for gift of money that George Handy had
               promised to leave him in his will. Is in poor
               health and needs money for debts and for
               improving a piece of public land.

     Dec 8     John Rust, Louisville, Ky., to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.
               Asks return of two drafts sent to George
               Handy, since they have not been used.  Is in
               poor health.

     F3   1847

     Jan 2     G. Duncan, Louisville, Ky., to George Handy,
               New Orleans.
               Says there is possibility of redeeming Rust's
               notes by selling them to Judge McKauley, who
               wishes to buy a lot owned by Handy.

     Jan 13    J. Cleves Short, Cleveland, Ohio, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Thanks for business transacted for him.
               Tells of trip home by way  of Mobile,
               Montgomery, Savannah, Charleston, Wilmington,
               Richmond, Washington City, Baltimore, and
               Pittsburgh.  Traveled by steamboat, stage,
               and railroad.

     Jan 22    Thos. R. Fassett, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Has found a St. Louis Bond of 1837 belonging
               to George Handy, the interest on which,
               amounting to $70 a year, has not been
               collected since 1840 or 1841.

     Jan 23    C. Woodburn, Madison, [LA], to George Handy,
               New Orleans.
               Concerning a debt of $4,354 to be settled.

     Jan 23    D. Cochran, Memphis, Tenn., to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Concerning payment of a debt to McCorry.

     Jan 27    [Unidentified] to George Handy, New
               Orleans.


1    F3   1847 (cont’d)

     Feb 4     A. Symington, Philadelphia, to George Handy,
               New Orleans.
               In order to change investments, thinks it
               wise that he be appointed guardian to the
               children.  Gives Handy power of attorney.

     Feb 13    C. H. Sipple, Dover, Del. to George Handy,
               New Orleans.
               Appointment of Dan as Secretary of State.
               Satisfactory to party  and people.  Grain
               market very prosperous.  Mentions D. M.
               Bates, Margaret, George, Mrs. Pennewill,
               Hester, John, and Cabe.

     Mar 11    A. Symington, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Inquiry concerning a power of attorney sent
               of Feb. 4.

     Mar 11    Wm. Palmer, Pittsburgh, to George Handy,
               New Orleans.
               Concerning purchases on the sugar market.
               Commodity has risen slightly in consequence
               of the anticipated action of Congress.

     Mar 20    Nelson & Donelson, Lafourch, (?), to Samuel
               M. McClain, New Orleans.  Description of a
               shipment of sugar and molasses to McClain.

     May 6     James A. Woods, Nashville, Tenn., to George
               Handy, New Orleans.  Acknowledges receipt of
               McLeans's bill.  Fire in Nashville.

     May 14    John C. Boyd, Philadelphia, to George Handy,
               New Orleans.
               Concerning taxes and a lien held by Handy on
               a tract of land.

     Jul 9     Memorandum of W. D. Elliott.
               To insure George Handy against action by
               creditors of James Lee of the steamboat “Old
               Hickory,” taken by Handy for a debt.
     
     Jul 24    Benjamin Darlington, Pittsburgh, to
               George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Concerning redemption of lots purchased years
               ago at New Brighton.

     Nov 4     Henry M. Hildeburn, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.  Concerning sales on the
               sugar market.  Has had large loss.  List of
               sugar prices.  Mentions fever in New Orleans.


1    F4   1848 Apr-Jul

     Apr 13    Samuel Hildeburn & Co., Philadelphia, to
               George Handy, Cincinnati.  Concerning debts
               owed to George Handy in the West.  Quotes
               prices of commodities such as pork and lard.

     Apr 24    Judge John R. Donnell, Philadelphia, to
               George Handy, New
               Orleans.
               Forwarded to Cincinnati.  Concerning George
               Handy's part as a witness in the case of
               Donnell v. the Bank of the United States.
               Mr. Porter is Donnell's attorney.  Mr. James
               Robertson is President of the U.S. Bank.

     Jun 6     Samuel Hildeburn, Son & Co.,
               Philadelphia, to George Handy,
               Cincinnati.  Concerning the execution of
               business matters for George Handy,
               particularly in relation to one Tom Smith, on
               whose account Handy had purchased cotton.

     Jun 26    Jos. W. Allen, New Orleans, to his
               uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Speaks of a "Mexican heroes"
               returning.  Whig ratification meeting in the
               open air in Canal Street, New Orleans.
               Politics--one General Butler seems to be
               prominent.  Tobacco and cotton markets poor.
               Sends check for copying press sent by Handy
               to his friend Charles.  Mentions friends--
               Powell, Dr. Scott, Mr. Martin, Mr. Bradle.
               Seems to be looking for a wife.

     Jun 29    J. M. Freeman, for Hildeburn, Philadelphia,
               to George Handy, Cincinnati.  Acknowledges
               receipt of telegram.

     Jun 30    Jonathan Hildeburn, Philadelphia, to
               George Handy, Cincinnati.
               Routine business letter.  Payment of debts
               owed to Handy.

     Jul 2     Hughey H. Beard, Camden, Arkansas, to
               George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Written during a visit.
               Speaks of Mr. Powell.  Asks Handy to write.

     Jul 13    R. P. Curran, Nashville, Tenn., to
               George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks for a loan, with a mortgage on farmland
               as security.

     Jul 21    Jos. W. Allen, Nashville, Tenn., to his
               uncle, George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Introduction of Mr. A. J. Duncan, of Shepherd
               & Duncan, Nashville.

     Jul 21    Daniel Hadden, New Orleans, La., to
               George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Report on sales, chiefly of tobacco, in New
               Orleans for George Handy.

     Jul 27    Sturges Bennett, New York, to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Report on sales for George Handy in New York.

     Jul 29    Jos. W. Allen, Lebanon, Tenn., to his
               uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Apathy in the South toward the
               coming presidential election.  Predicts
               "Zack" Taylor will carry Tennessee, but not
               Louisiana.  Written during a visit to his
               sister and her nine children.  Says he is
               looking for a wife.  Mentions a relative,
               Alexander Allison.

     F5   1848 Aug-Nov

     Aug 8     George Martin, Bon Air to his cousin,
               George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Looks forward to cotton-
               picking at home and the installation of a new
               steam mill.  Spending vacation in Cumberland
               Mts. Sends regards to Dr. Chapman, Mr. Wilson
               druggist, Mr. John Richardson, cousins George
               and John Martin, Mr. and Mrs. Bates.

     Aug 16    Thomas Warfield, Cincinnati, to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks Handy's aid in clearing up a claim of
               the U.S. Bank on T. B. and W. P. Warfield.

     (Undated) B. Martin, St. Mary's, Tenn., to her cousin,
               George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Personal matters.  Speaks of
               death of Aunt Mary Donelson.

     Sep 8     M. D. Carneal, Cincinnati, Ohio, to
               George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks for a loan in order to buy property in
               Louisville.

     Sep 8     J. M. Woodbridge, Marietta, Ohio to
               George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Complains of poor molasses sold to him by
               Handy's agent and asks to be repaid,
               threatening to sue for the money.

1    F5   1848 Aug-Nov (cont’d)

     Sep 9     Yeatman Woods & Co., Nashville, Tenn., to
               Samuel Hildeburn, Son & Co., Philadelphia.
               In answer to a complaint about a shipment of
               cotton, the writer says his company is not
               responsible.

     Sep 18    John S. Ewing, St. Mary's, Pa., to his
               uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Arrival in Elk County after
               six days' journey from (Philadelphia?),
               partly by canal boat, by way of Harrisburg
               and Lewistown.

     Sep 23    N. G. Nye, Yazoo City, Miss., to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Good cotton crop in the South.  Low prices,
               however.  Planters all ship to New Orleans.

     Sep 27    Wm. Stokes, Elk County, Pa., to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Reports on the arrival of Handy's nephew,
               Jno. Ewing, and the prospects offered by his
               new farm.

     Oct 5     Bullitts and Fairthorne, Louisville,
               Ky., to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Introduction of Francis McKay,
               a merchant who will visit Philadelphia to
               purchase gunpowder and who desires to connect
               himself with a commission house.

     Oct 9     Alfred Thurston, Louisville, Ky., to
               George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Wants Handy to negotiate for the purchase of
               some lots.

     Oct 15    Jno. Ewing, Elk County, Pa., to his
               uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Describes new farmland into
               which he has moved, rich resources (iron,
               coal, lime), primitive condition of German
               settlers.  Discouraged about his "low and
               deplorable position" and gossip about him in
               town.

     Oct 18    Robert Hyslop, New York, to George
               Handy, Philadelphia.
               Acknowledges receipt of letter.

     Nov 14    Wm. Bowen, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, Louisville, Ky.
               Routine business matters.

     Nov 14    Samuel Hildeburn, Co., Philadelphia, to
               George Handy, Louisville.
               Concerning business matters.  Prices on
               tobacco and cotton.

     Nov 15    David Macy, Lawrenceburg, to George
               Handy.
               Concerning the advisability of selling land.
               Makes an offer for land.

     Nov 18    Jno. Neff, Cincinnati, Ohio to George
               Handy, New Orleans, La.
               Orders the purchase of 200 bales of cotton
               for his son.

     Nov 29    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Concerning recovery of debts and other
               business matters.

     F6   1848 Dec

     Dec 6     A. Ross, Rotherwood, (Tenn.?) to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Recommends Mr. Wallace in Knoxville, who
               needs help in business.  Tells about his
               family.

     Dec 6     Thomas Robins, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Business. Speaks of Mary, Mr. Powell, death
               of Mrs. Parker.

     Dec 12-14 S. H. Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to
               George Handy, New Orleans.
               Routine business matters.  Good prices for
               sugar from the West Indies, cotton, and
               tobacco.

     Dec 15    Shipping invoice to George Handy.
               317 Bales of cotton.

     Dec 15    John T. Jeter (?) , New Orleans, to
               Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia.
               Inquires whether there is a market in
               Philadelphia for pecan nuts grown in Texas.

     Dec 15-20 Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy,
               New Orleans.
               Business letters.  Low prices of cotton and
               sugar quoted; expected to rise.  Information
               about the advisability of granting credit to
               a Mr. A., a businessman of Philadelphia.
               Pork prices high, expected to decline.

     Dec 21    Edw. L. Handy, Philadelphia, to his
               uncle, George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Reports epidemic of small pox in
               Philadelphia; approach of cholera to city.
               Speaks of California gold fever and
               possibility of inflation.  Speaks of Sally
               (his wife?); Isaac, who is visiting
               Germantown.


1    F6   1848 Dec (cont’d)

     Dec 21    Daniel Cochran, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Introduction and recommendation of Mr. P.
               Twisin(?), a young man recently arrived from
               Ireland.

     Dec 22    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Business letter.  Predicts good season ahead
               for produce commission houses.  Says that the
               cholera epidemic will not affect business.
               Rainy season.

     Dec 23    Shipping invoice to George Handy.  149
               barrels of pork.

     Dec 25    Thomas Robins, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Business and personal letter.  Orders cotton.
               Deaths of Robert Toland and Wm. [illegible].
               Mr. Powell, to arrive on the ship “Europa;”
               his friend, Richardson; and Edward.

     Dec 26    C. Wallace, Knoxville, Tenn., to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Business letter, evidently from a beginner in
               business.

     Dec 27    Wm. A. Porter, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Business letter, concerning money owed by
               Handy to a bank in Philadelphia.

     Dec 27    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Business letter.

     Dec 27    Charles W. Brooke, Philadelphia, to
               George Handy, New Orleans.
               Notification from the Bank of the U.S. that
               Handy's property in Northumberland County,
               mortgaged for $8,000 in 1846, will be sold,
               since the interest has not been paid.

     Dec 29    Isaac S. Handy, Germantown, to his
               uncle, George Handy, New
               Orleans.  The president-elect has been to New
               Orleans.  Writer hears that Mr. Clay will
               visit there and that Clay carried Pa. by a
               large majority.  Hears that Clayton is to be
               Secretary of State.  Others say Crittenden
               will get the post.  Has moved to Germantown
               from Philadelphia to get benefit of country
               air.  Went to see D. Ewing at Agricultural
               School at Mt. Airy, but D. was not there.
               Speaks of Mr. Richardson; Dr. Powell; death
               of Mrs. Parker; Rosa and Alexander at Dover.

1	     1849 Jan

     Jan 1     Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Concerned over cholera in New Orleans and the
               effect on prices.  Foreign news regarded as
               favorable.

     Jan 3     Thomas Robins, Philadelphia, to GeorgeHandy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Speaks of selling carpets.

     Jan 4     Wm. M. Churchwell, Nashville, Tenn., to George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Business.  Asks Handy to patronize
               Campbell Wallace, merchant of Knoxville.
               Lists commodities to be sold by Wallace.

     Jan 5-8   Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Fears that a quarantine of ships from New
               Orleans at Philadelphia will harm business.
               Cholera abating somewhat.

     Jan 9     Daniel Hawkins, Cincinnati, to GeorgeHandy, New Orleans.
               Notice of consignment of cotton.

     Jan 10    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business letter.  Sales of pork, molasses,
               cotton, sugar.

     Jan 15    Thomas Robins, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business and personal letter.  Cholera in
               West bad for spring business.  Regrets death
               of Hugh Thompson.  Encloses business circular
               from Liverpool date Dec. 29, 1848: Good
               market, stabilized by French Presidential
               election.  Quotes prices of cotton, wheat,
               corn, turpentine.

     Jan 15    Jno. McCrea, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Order for cotton through Hildeburn Co.

     Jan 15    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.

     Jan 16    Miller, Brown, & Hawkins, Cincinnati, to George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Concerning a shipment of pork and
               lard via South America to Handy's company for
               sale.


1    F7   1849 Jan (cont’d)

     Jan 17    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Fear of quarantine of ships gone
               since cholera abated.  Wants Hildeburn
               dissolved by limitation.  Joseph, William,
               and Henry Hildeburn formed copartnership as
               Hildeburn & Bros. Co.  Senior gave them
               $100,000 capital.

     Jan 18    Jno. Hildeburn, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Reviews business of 1848.  Profit was $6,000.
               In 1847 $20,000 was lost.  Writer asks effort
               to make up deficit by Nov., 1849, when senior
               partner will retire.  Wants to do business of
               $350,000 in coming year with 4% profit.

     Jan 18    Miller, Brown, and Hawkins, Cincinnati, to George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Business letter.

     Jan 19    William Porter, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans
               Concerning sale of Handy's Northumberland
               property to redeem bond held by the Bank of
               the United States.

     Jan 19    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Asks lists of rates of New Orleans
               underwriters for rates on steamboats,
               flatboats, and hulls from Cincinnati,
               Louisville, and St. Louis.

     Jan 20    Robert Ewing, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Inquires of David Ewing, who left for
               Pittsburgh, wrote for money to return home,
               and then presumably went down the river,
               possibly to New Orleans.

     Jan 20-26 Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Concerning arrival of long-awaited shipment
               of cotton on the "Robert Burton."  Cotton has
               been damaged badly by rain.  Proclamation of
               the Board of Health of Philadelphia for
               examination of cholera-infected ships from
               New Orleans.

     Jan 26    Valentine Holmes, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Asks Handy's aid in recovering a debt owed by
               a Mme. Poultney and her daughter, formerly of
               Philadelphia, now residing in New Orleans.

1    F7   1849 Jan (cont’d)

     Jan 29    Margaret Carroll, St. Louis, Mo., George Handy, New Orleans.
               Concerned over cholera epidemic.  Speaks of
               her father's recent marriage.  Mentions Ellen
               Powell, now Mrs. Wilgus.

     Jan 30    Hildeburn Bros., Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Asks that an inquiry be made about Mr. P.N.
               Revera, merchant.

     Jan 30-Feb 2   Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Order of Mr. Frierson and Mr.
               Powell for cotton filled.  Unable  to fill
               order for Mr. McCrea.

     F8   1849 Feb

     Feb 2     Thomas Robins, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Arrival of steamer "Canada" with news from
               abroad has sent cotton prices down.  Death of
               F. G. Critcher.

     Feb 6     George Collier, St. Louis, Mo., to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Personal matters.  Mentions friends--Lindell
               and C. Carrol.

     Feb 10    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Market dull.  Anticipates small
               business for 1849.

     Feb 10    Ellen Powell, St. Louis, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Personal letter in response to
               congratulations on her marriage.

     Feb 12    Thomas Robins, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Arrival of ship "Niagara" from
               Liverpool causes prices to rise.  Foreign
               imports 1/4 to 1/3 below 1848.

     Feb 13    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.

     Feb 14    Littleton Quinton, Cincinnati, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Asks Handy's influence with the Secretary of
               Treasury or other persons in Washington to
               encourage his appointment as Surveyor of the
               Port in Cincinnati.

     Feb 16    W. J. Morris, New York, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business letter.


1    F8   1849 Feb (cont’d)

     Feb 17-20 Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Trying to make up loss on damaged
               cotton.  Dull market.

     Feb 21    Theodore Dahlgren, Marine Hospital, to George Handy, New
               Orleans.  A stranger to Handy, he asks his
               assistance in obtaining work, having been
               injured while at sea and unable to pursue
               further a seaman's life.

     Feb 23    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.

     Feb 24    Thomas Robins, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Emigrants to California are draining silver
               supply from East.  World trade stable.

     Feb 24    Armel & Clough, Madison, La., to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Handy is to sell produce and
               invest money in molasses, sugar, and coffee.

     Feb 26    W. H. Overstreet, Franklin, La., to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.

     Feb 26    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.


     F9   1849 Mar 1-16

     Mar 1     Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.

     Mar 5-7   Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Discussion of business conditions in the
               market of New Orleans as compared with the
               West.

     Mar 9     George Handy, New Orleans, to Armel & Clough, Madison, La.
               Business.


1    F9   1849 Mar 1-16 (cont’d)

     Mar 10    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Directs Handy in attempt to
               recover $8,000 owed to Hildeburn Co. by
               Nelson & Donaldson.

     Mar 12    William Porter, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Concerning impending sale of Handy's property
               for U.S. Bank note.

     Mar 12    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.

     Mar 12    Watson Hildeburn, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.

     Mar 14    Wm. E. Brown, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Personal and business letter.
               
     Mar 14    Dwight Martin, New Orleans, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Application for a position in a commission
               house.

     Mar 14    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.

     Mar 14    George Handy, New Orleans, to Armel & Clough, Madison, La.
               Business letter concerning a shipment of
               groceries.

     Mar 15    Fire insurance policy.
               For goods stored by Handy in warehouses of
               New Orleans and Lafayette.

     Mar 16    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.


     F10  1849 Mar 18-31

     Mar 18    Armel & Clough, Madison, La., to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matter.

     Mar 19-21 Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Losses incurred through damage to
               goods.

1    F10  1849 Mar 18-31 (cont’d)

     Mar 21    W. L. Lanier, Memphis, Tenn., to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Personal letter.  Health of his family.
               Regards to Col. Powell.

     Mar 23    A. H. Handy, Canton, Miss., to his cousin, George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Personal matters.

     Mar 24    Robert Buchanan, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Asks help, presumably financial, in building
               stabling.

     Mar 24    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Sold pecans for Mr. Powell at very
               low price.

     Mar 25    Isaac Handy, Philadelphia, to his uncle, George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Has attended dull session of
               Legislature.  Favorable impression of new
               governor, W.F. Johnson.  Items about
               Pennsylvania politics.  Coming Methodist
               Episcopal conference.  News of friends:  Mr.
               & Mrs. Buchler moved to Harrisburg; "Brother
               E" and widow Dickinson expected to marry; Mr.
               & Mrs. Powell left for France.

     Mar 26    George Handy, New Orleans, to Armel &
               Clough, Madison, La.
               Business matters.

     Mar 26    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Pork and cotton market dull.

     Mar 26    G. Duncan, Louisville, Ky., to George
               Handy, New Orleans.
               Concerning sale of Handy's property for debt
               to bank.

     Mar 30    Thomas P. Sparhawk, Philadelphia, to George
               Handy, New Orleans.  Personal letter:
               Mentions friends.

     Mar 31-Apr 3   Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
                    Business.  Cholera worse in Kentucky and
                    Tennessee.


1    F11  1849 Apr

     Apr 4-May 11   T. L. MacKay, Memphis, Tenn., to George Handy, New
                    Orleans.  George Handy, New Orleans,
                    reply to T. L. MacKay, Alton, Ill.
                    Business transaction.

     Apr 5-12  Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Wish to limit consignments to
               $200,000 in summer because of fear of
               cholera.  Business dull.

     Apr 12    Martha Marshall, Canton, Miss., to cousin,
               George Handy, New Orleans.  Personal matters.
               Speaks of children, Rebecca and Susan.

     Apr 12    Martin & Smith, Philadelphia, to GeorgeHandy, New Orleans.
               Business matter.

     Apr 13    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Dull market.

     Apr 16    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.

     Apr 17    Martin & Smith, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Encloses draft.

     Apr 19    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Dull business.  $70,000 in Apr. 1848,
               compared to $2,000 in 1849.  Asks Handy's
               quick return.

     Apr 21    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.

     Apr 25    Wm. Porter, Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Sale of Handy's Northumberland property to
               take place in three weeks.

     Apr 26    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.

     Apr 28    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.

1    F11  1849 Apr (cont’d)

     Apr 28    A. H. Handy, Canton, Miss., to his cousin, George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Business transaction.

     Apr 30    W. H. Stockwell, Miss. City, (Miss.?), to George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Personal.  Invites Handy for a
               visit.  On back of letter, in pencil, account
               of a sermon.

2    F12  1849 May

     May 1-3   Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Dull Market worsened "warlike"
               news from Europe.

     May 4     J. M. Keyes, New Orleans, to Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia.
               Notification of a shipment of cotton to
               Hildeburn Co. through George Handy.

     May 4-5   Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business.  Last letters written before Handy
               leaves New Orleans for Philadelphia.

     May 8     Isaac Handy, Philadelphia, to his uncle, George Handy, New
               Orleans.  May and Rosa, Mr. Bates, and Dr.
               Saulsbury have been visiting.  Hopes Bates
               will not carry out his plans to leave Dover.
               Edward, Isaac's brother, has married Mrs.
               Dickinson, his second wife.  Death of Mr.
               Charles Bird.

     May 10    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, Louisville, Ky.
               Business matters.

     May 21    Edw. S. Handy, Nashville, Tenn., to his uncle, George Handy,
               Louisville.  Great fire in St. Louis.
               Cholera epidemic bad in Tennessee.  News of
               friends.

     May 22    J. A. Otte, New Orleans, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Asks Handy to deliver parcels for him.

     May 23    Bullitts & Fairthorne, Louisville, Ky., to George Handy, New
               Orleans.  Business matter.

     May 29    Hildeburn Co., Philadelphia, to George Handy, New Orleans.
               Business matters.  Dull market.

2    F13  1849 Jun-Jul

     Jun 1     E. S. Handy, Nashville, to his uncle,George Handy.
               Congratulates Handy on his ability to enjoy a
               rigorous steamboat and stage journey home.
               Personal matters.  His wife, Virginia, has
               been ill.  Drawing on back of letter.

     Jun 5     Jos. W. Allen, Carthage, Tenn., to his uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Floods in New Orleans.  Is in
               bad health.

     Jun 15    Washington & New Orleans Telegraph Co to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Notification of stockholders'
               meeting.

     Jun 23    Josiah Lawrence, Cincinnati, Ohio, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks Handy to obtain an insurance agency for
               him.

     Jun 23    Robert M. Powell, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Business matters.  Encloses bill of lading.

     Jun 23    H. H. Beard, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Personal matters.  Encloses bill of lading.

     Jun 28    Jos. Allen, Lebanon, Tenn., to his uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Still in bad health.

     Jul 2     Margaret Carroll, Lebanon, Ill, to her uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Deaths from cholera and fire
               in St. Louis.  Inquires about relatives:
               Uncle Isaac, Edward, and Aleck.

     Jul 7     Wm. Chamberlain, Philadelphia, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks him to answer letter of Alex McChurg,
               Pittsburgh.

     Jul 10    D. O. Hadden, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Business.  Writes for company of Shults and
               Hadden.

     Jul 17-20 Jos. Allen, Lebanon, Tenn., to his uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  In the midst of the cholera
               epidemic.  People evacuating town.  Deems it
               the judgement of God.

     Jul 20    George Collier, St. Louis, Mo., to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Cholera and fire in St. Louis.  Sees need of
               insurance agency.

     Jul 29    G. Duncan, Louisville, Ky., to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Business matter.

2    F13  1849 Jun-Jul (cont’d)

     Jul 30     Jos. Carroll, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Small cotton crop because of rains.  Prices
               are up because of speculation and Spanish
               buyers.  Orders window shades for office.


     F14  1849 Aug-Sep

     Aug 3     R. C. Cummings, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Rain damaging cotton crop.  Several cases of
               yellow fever.

     Aug 4     David Hadden, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks advice and financial aid to his nephew,
               Joseph Calvin, who is beginning Princeton
               Theological Seminary.  Market dull, except
               tobacco and cotton.  Greetings from Dr.
               Scott.  The Canal Bank has been discovered as
               dishonest, and its personnel has to be
               changed.

     Aug 7     Jos. Allen, Lebanon, Tenn., to his uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Cholera still prevalent.
               Lebanon depopulated by migration and death.
               Death of Mr. Morris.

     Aug 8     Robert Powell, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks Handy to promote his interests with a
               reliable company in Philadelphia.

     Aug 11    Lewis Whiteman, Cincinnati, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Cholera epidemic.  Comments on Handy's good
               fortune to live with his adopted daughter and
               her children.  Wishes he could join Handy in
               a trip to Wilmington.  News of Presbyterian
               church.

     Aug 11    Ralph King, Bremen, Germany, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Tells of trip across Atlantic in 16 days.
               Took steamboat from the harbor up the Weser
               to Bremen, an old city, within the ramparts
               of which has been built the New City.  Under
               the City Hall he had some wine from the
               famous wine cellars, vintage of 1624.  Large
               tobacco business.  Free port.  Cotton market
               increasing.  Germans are turning to the
               manufacture of cotton.  Business suffering
               from Danish blockade, expected to be
               withdrawn.  Stays at best hotel, Hellman, at
               one half the price it would cost in New York.


2    F14  1849 Aug-Sep (cont’d)

     Aug 19    George Martin, (Aulorgne?), to his cousin, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Trouble with the cotton crop--
               rain, frost, floods, bowl worn."  Intends to
               send his daughter to Philadelphia or Virginia
               to school, his son to Washington College in
               Virginia.  Sends greeting to his cousins,
               George and John Martin; Jas. and Jno.
               Richards; Mr. & Mrs. Bates.

     Aug 24    Jno. Richardson, Warm Springs, Ga., to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Describes the surrounding
               countryside as very beautiful.  Very
               fashionable resort.  Surprised at absence of
               intoxicating drinks and travel on Sunday.
               Superior coaches and roads.  With freedom
               from slavery, he thinks it would be a
               glorious country.  Thinks this will surely
               come, although it may be postponed by foreign
               intervention.  Blacks treated well in this
               section.  Springs have temperature of 98
               degrees; very beneficial.  He is on his way
               home.  Travels 20 to 30 miles a day by coach
               with his family.

     Aug 29    N. G. Nye, Yazoo City, Miss., to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks Handy to further his interests with a
               Mr. Fisher, representative of the English of
               Morrison Bros. & Co.  Cotton crop very poor.
               One-half of usual crop.

     Aug 31-Sep 3   J. H. Calvin, Princeton, N. J., to George Handy,
                    Philadelphia.  Lists his expenses, which
                    Handy has arranged to meet.  Asks more
                    money for winter.  Likes Princeton.
                    Good library.  140 students.  Likes his
                    professors, especially one Dr.
                    Alexander.  Acknowledges receipt of
                    draft.  Asks $20 more.

     Sep 4     Jos. Allen, Bon Air, Tenn., to his uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Cholera is abating.  Tobacco
               market good in New Orleans.  Has moved to Bon
               Air for his health.  Speaks constantly of
               death.

     Sep 10    George Martin, Charleston, Miss., to cousin, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Is on his way to Philadelphia.

     Sep 15    J. H. Calvin, Princeton, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Acknowledges receipt of money.

2    F14  1849 Aug-Sep (cont’d)

     Sep 15    David Hadden, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Directions about finances of his nephew at
               Princeton.

     Sep 18    Gove Saulsbury, Dover, Del., to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Orders household articles for his wife, Rosa.

     Sep 22    Jos. Allen, Bon Air, Tenn., to his uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Is recovering from his
               illness.  Has met a friend of Handy's, a Mr.
               Hoffman from New Orleans.

     Sep 21    Robert Patterson, Co., to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Business matter.

     F15  1849 Oct-Dec

     Oct 8     Elizabeth Warren, Wilmington, Del., to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Asks for money for herself and
               widowed sister, who are in great need.

     Oct 9     Sturgis Bennett & Co., New York, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Account sales for peaches sold for Handy.
               Poor sale.

     Oct 19    Jos. W. Allen, Lebanon, Tenn., to his uncle, George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Sympathizes with Handy on
               death of his small grandson.  Is in better
               health after visit to Bon Air.

     Nov 17    Gove Saulsbury, Dover, Del., to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Orders utensils for his fireplace and an
               invention to keep the chimney from smoking.

     Nov 21    Jos. Allen, New Orleans, to his uncle, George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Speaks of explosion of boilers on steamboat
               "Louisiana."  He was on another boat and
               narrowly escaped.  Lives with Robert Powell,
               who had also reserved a room for Handy, but
               regrets to hear that Handy's company has gone
               out of business, and Handy will not be in New
               Orleans for the winter.  It appears that
               Allen is a preacher.

     Nov 23    David Hadden, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Business.  Sorry to hear of dissolution of
               Handy's firm.


2    F15  1849 Oct-Dec (cont’d)

     Dec 4     J. H. Calvin, Princeton, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks for money.  Sickness in the seminary.

     Dec 11    Robert Powell, New Orleans, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks return of some letters.  Jos. Allen
               encloses note.

     Dec 24    Jos. Allen, New Orleans, to Mr. McAllister, Philadelphia.
               Orders new pair of gold-rimmed spectacles
               like those he bought in 1842.

     Dec 24    Jos. Allen, New Orleans, to his uncle, George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Describes Christmas scenes.  Healthful
               surroundings, pleasant weather, in contrast
               to last year's cholera epidemic.  News of
               friends--Powell, Whiteman.  Encloses letter
               to McAllister.


     F16  1850-1852

     1850
     Jan 1     J. H. Calvin, Princeton, to George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Asks for money.

     Jan 10-15 Jos. Allen, New Orleans, to his uncle, George Handy, Philadelphia.
               Personal matters.  Cotton and tobacco market
               good.  Wishes for a good wife.  Anxious to
               see his "little boy."  Coat of arms on seal.

     Jan 30    Charles Ripley, Louisville, Ky., toGeorge Handy, Philadelphia.
               Business.  Concerning payment of a debt.

     Apr 30    A. I. Meeker(?), Co., New Orleans, to George Handy,
               Philadelphia.  Business matters.

     1852
     Oct 20    Map of Arkansas, showing extent of public
               surveys there on September 30, 1851.  Map
               removed to oversize.


2    F17  1859-1861
          Tax receipts and a letter from Wm. Woodruff,
          Little Rock, Ark., to Edward Handy, Philadelphia.
          Notification that annual taxes on land in Arkansas
          belonging to George Handy’s estate are increased
          by 50%, as a result of the war.


2    F18  1866-1867
          Tax receipts on land belonging to the estate of
          George Handy in Arkansas.
          Letter from Wm. Woodruff, land agent in Arkansas,
          to D. M. Bates, Dover, Delaware in which he
          advises sale of Arkansas lands to the first person
          who has applied for them in 20 years.  Thinks the
          land is not very good, and in any event would not
          bring a better offer, since money is scarce under
          the "Negro rule" of the government.


     F19  1869-1871
          Tax receipts on land belonging to the estate of
          George Handy in Arkansas.
     
     1871
     May 8     Letter from J. H. Haney, Little Rock,
               Ark., to G. H. Bates,
               Wilmington.  In reply to an inquiry about the
               legality of the claim of the children of a
               niece of a testator (George Handy?) who died
               before the testator.  Recommends Bates go to
               Gould's Digest of Statutes for information.

     Jul 3     John Taylor, Little Rock, Arkansas, toGeorge Handy Bates.
               Land commissioner for Arkansas Central
               Railroad, he asks Bates to trade his land for
               stock in the railroad company.

     Dec 27    J. H. Haney, Little Rock, Ark., to George Bates, Wilmington, Del.
               Information on taxes to be paid.

     F20  1848 Dec – 1849 Apr
          Bills of lading, receipts, and accounts sales
          relating to George Handy's business.


2    F21  Undated correspondence
     [n.d.]         Payment receipt for steamer.  Chief
                    Justice Marshall, Dr.
          
     [n.d.]         Receipt of SB Chief Justice Marshall,
     Dr.
          
     [n.d.]         Patrick Turpin, New Orleans, to George
                    Handy, New Orleans.
                    Asks to be remembered for past favors.

     [n.y.]:        Aug 6     J. Richardson, White Sulphur
                    Springs, Ga., to George
                    Handy.  Journeyed to springs by railroad--250
                    miles--and stage--150 miles.  Describes
                    location as very beautiful.

     [n.d.]         Unidentified to George Handy, New Orleans.
                    Business.  Shipment of flour.

     [n.d.]         Report of a business conversation
                    between George Handy and a Mr. Baer.

     [n.d.]         Circular--Brooklyn Warehouse Company.



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