University of Delaware Library

Special Collections Department


Grubb Family Papers

1737 -1940

Manuscript Collection Number: 355
Accessioned: Purchased, July 1991.
Extent: .5 linear ft.
Content: Ledgers, estate records, bills, receipts, funeral notices,
correspondence, legal documents, personal notes, and miscellany.
Access: The collection is open for research.
Processed: November 1997 by Arthur Siegel.

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Table of Contents


Biographical Note

The Grubb family were prominent owners of agricultural and mining lands in the Delaware River valley of Delaware, southeastern Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. The family could trace its roots back to Denmark in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and by the sixteenth Henry Grubbe, Esq., the direct ancestor of the American Grubbs, was residing in Cornwall, England. John Grubb (1652-1708) came from Cornwall in 1679 to Upland (what is now Chester, Pennsylvania) and purchased land there, and his son, Emanuel Grubb, was apparently the first male child to be born of English parents in the new colony of Pennsylvania. Emanuel and another son, John Grubb II (1684-1757) settled in Brandywine Hundred, in what was to be known as Grubb's Landing, and lived on "Stockton Plantation," a property of some 600 acres that would remain in the family possession for generations. Grubb's Landing was one of the first shipping points in New Castle County, Delaware, and was one of the points of access to the colonies by British ships during the American Revolution. In 1727 Emanuel was commissioned as a justice in the Court of Common Pleas.

The Grubb family was very well connected, maintaining personal and marriage ties with other politically prominent regional families. Some of these included the Bassetts, the Talleys, the Crawfords, and the Claytons. Indeed, Emanuel Grubb's grandson James Grubb (1768-1827) married Sarah Ford, who was the granddaughter of William Clayton, governor of Pennsylvania and president of the Colonial Council and of the Upland Court. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, they embraced the religion of the Society of Friends, and when the American Revolution broke out, John Grubb II's grandson, Isaac Grubb (1749-1831) refused to fight on account of his pacifist beliefs. Therefore, he paid for a substitute to take his place.

There are a vast number of individuals within the family, but only a small handful of these are found in the collection. Moreover, the details of their lives are generally very sketchy at best. Isaac Grubb was a Federalist, and it is uncertain what the family politics were before and during the Revolution, but it would seem that, after Jefferson took office, the family became supporters of the Democratic party. Adam Grubb (1787-1867), for example, was an ardent Jacksonian Democrat, and was a prominent member of his party. He was also an exhorter and class-leader of his church, a Methodist church, suggesting a movement away from Quakerism. Both he and his wife Julia were buried in Siloam Methodist Episcopal graveyard in Delaware County, Pennsylvania.

After receiving a basic public school training, Isaac N. Grubb (1823-1904) continued the family occupation as farmer and stock raiser. He was also prominent in the local politics of Brandywine Hundred. He was a tax collector and a school commissioner for District 4, Brandywine Hundred. In 1884 he was elected Levy Court Commissioner and was re-elected to that post in 1888, as well as holding the office of president of the board of commissioners from 1886-1890. As such, he was responsible for a vast number of internal improvements within the New Castle County area. He was also a member of the Fire Insurance Company of Mill Creek Hundred, and of various secret societies.

Overall, despite the proliferation of legal and personal documents, the collection by itself provides an incomplete and confused record of family relationships. Though a partial genealogical reconstruction is possible in relation to several of the major figures, the constant recycling of given names -- such as John, Adam, Isaac, and Samuel -- makes much of this guesswork. The situation becomes even more problematic when dealing with extended family, as a reference may be as vague as "cousin William," when there are three or four Williams in one generation. Fortunately, this confusion is alleviated somewhat by the following genealogical table, which was constructed from information provided in Scharf's The History of the State of Delaware. However, not all family members are included in this chart, as the relationships of various William and Henry Grubbs remain unclear. Moreover, virtually nothing can be said for other members of the family, such as Mary Grubb, who figure prominently in the collection.

Sources:

Biographical and Genealogical History of the State of Delaware, 2 vol. Chambersburg, PA: J.M. Runk & Co., 1899.

Historical and Biographical Encyclopedia of Delaware. J.M. McCarter and B.F. Jackson, eds. Wilmington, Delaware: Aldine Publishing and Engraving Co., 1882.

History of Delaware: 1609-1888. J. Thomas Scharf. 2 vol. Philadelphia: L.J. Richards & Co., 1888.

Note: Historical and biographical information obtained from the collection.


Genealogical Chart

  Genealogical Chart 
                   Descendants of John Grubb
                                

* Names in bold type are included in the collection



John Grubb (1652-1708)
     Emanuel Grubb  (1682-1767)
          Emanuel Grubb  (1729-1799)  m.  Anne
               James Grubb  (1768-1827)  m.  Sarah Ford (g.daughter of Wm. Clayton)
                    Wellington Grubb  (1811-1853)
                         Ignatius C. Grubb  (b.1841)
     Peter Grubb
     Edward Grubb
     John Grubb II (1684-1757)  m.  Rachel  (b.1690)
          William Grubb  (1713-1775)  m. Lydia
               Mary (Grubb) Robinson  m.  Charles Robinson
          Samuel Grubb  (1722-1769)
          Mary Grubb  (b.1715)
          Rachel Grubb  (1720-1770)
          Adam Grubb  (1724-1798)
          Richard Grubb  (b.1726)
          Hannah Grubb  (1728-1810)
          John Grubb III (1718-1780)  m. Rebecca  (1727-1760) and  Lydia
               Sarah (Grubb) Hewin  (1764-1830)  m. Thomas Hewin
               Jemima (Grubb) Staples  (1747-1796)  m. John Staples
               Rebecca (Grubb) Dickenson  (1760-1797)  m. Daniel Dickenson
                    Jemima Dickenson
               Rachael (Grubb) Jefferies  (1758-1799)
               Samuel Grubb  (1752-1778)  m. Lydia
                    Thomas Grubb
               Prudence Grubb  (b.1754)
               Mary Grubb  (1756-1791)
               Charity Grubb  (b.1762)
               Lydia Grubb  (1766-1834)
               John Grubb IV (b.1768)
               Isaac Grubb  (1749-1831)  m. Margaret Crawford  (1753-1825)
                    Samuel Grubb  (b.1775)
                    Rebecca (Grubb) Talley  (1777-1836)  m. Harman Talley (1775-1858)
                    John Grubb  (b.1781)
                    Hannah (Grubb) Hickman  (1779-1803)  m. James Hickman
                    Isaac Grubb  (1783-1850)
                    Prudence (Grubb) Lodge  (b.1785)  m.  Henry Lodge
                    Clarissa (Grubb) Wilson  (b.1790)  m. Samuel Wilson
                    Lydia (Grubb) Martin  (b.1793)  m. Thomas Martin
                    William Glover  (b.1795)
                    Anna Maria Grubb  (1800-1884)
                    Adam Grubb  (1787-1867)  m.  Julia Ann Talley (1798-1877)[daughter of Harman and Priscilla (Foulk) Talley]
                         
                         Lewis Grubb  (1817-1888) m. Mary Ford
                         Harman Wesley Grubb  (1818-1897) m. Sidney(1826–1908) [daughter of David Smith] 
                         Priscilla Grubb  (b.1821)
                         John T. Grubb  (b.1825)
                         Anna Maria (Grubb) Smith  (1829-1884)  m. George Smith
                         Francis H. Grubb  (1832-1856)
                         Rebecca Grubb  (b.1835)
                         Charles E. Grubb  (1837-1887)
                         Isaac N. Grubb  (1823-1904)  m. Julia E. Smith (1831-1881)[daughter of William and Rebecca Smith]

Scope and Content Note

The Grubb Family Papers concern the business, legal, and personal affairs of the Grubb family, prominent landowners in Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey. The collection, spanning from 1737-1940, consists of one linear foot of material comprising correspondence, wills, estate records, account ledgers, receipts and discharges, funeral notices, certification notices, legal items, newspaper clippings, and ephemera. The collection is divided into three main series: I. account books of Isaac Grubb, Sr., II. personal and estate papers, III. financial and legal affairs.

The first series spans the period 1800-1863, and contains four account books which deal with the financial business of Isaac Grubb, Sr., Adam Grubb, and Isaac N. Grubb. The second series spans the period 1759-1927 and concerns a narrow aspect of the personal affairs of the Grubb family. Included are personal letters (1834-1927), as well as funeral notices and legal and financial papers regarding the estates of John Grubb, Mary Grubb, Samuel Grubb, Sr., Adam Grubb (1789-1799), John Crawford, Jemima Staples, Catherine Plankinton, Isaac Grubb, and Adam Grubb (1859-1877). The third series spans the period 1737-1940, and deals with a wider scope of the financial and legal affairs of the Grubb family. Included are bills; receipts; indentures; promissory notes; bonds; articles of agreement; tax and banking information; certification notices; conditions of sale; and a number of miscellaneous financial, legal, and personal items.

Though the scope of this collection deals with the Grubb family throughout a long period which saw the eruption of several major wars, most notably the American Revolution and the Civil War, there is surprisingly little spoken of these conflicts. One of the few references made to war was in an 1861 letter from Clarissa Wilson, who wrote that the sons of her brother William may have volunteered in the army. Indeed, in the convulsions of the American revolution many wealthy families found themselves faced with financial ruin or confiscation of their property, but the silence of the records seems to suggest that the Grubb family escaped this fate. Unfortunately, the bulk of the data from the 1770s and 1780s concerns legal and financial business regarding the estates of Mary and Samuel Grubb Sr., thus leaving few general records with which to work. One interesting item, however, is an 1864 notice from the Board of Enrollment excusing Isaac N. Grubb from service in the Union army. He managed to escape the draft by hiring someone to serve in his place, a common method used by those who could afford it.

The account books of Isaac Grubb, Sr. contain a record of the names and occupations of businessmen and tradesmen from various places in Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, and include such varied professions as clock makers, wheelwrights, shoemakers, and tanners. In addition, those with whom he did business were asked to sign his account book in receipt of payment. These books provide a useful source of social and economic history. It is possible to get a good sense of the activities of a landowner and tradesman, as he buys and sells goods at market, makes repairs on his properties, and takes in lodgers and indentured servants. Moreover, the buying and selling price of numerous commodities are listed, providing valuable economic data for the region and allowing researches to study prices fluctuations. Isaac Grubb also used his account books to document personal happenings among family and friends, and as a place to list various medical remedies.

The estate papers of members of the Grubb family include wills, receipts, and other legal items pertaining primarily to the settlement of accounts between executors and beneficiaries. Only the wills of Mary Grubb (probably the daughter of John Grubb II), Jemima Staples, and Catherine Plankinton are provided in this collection, and these provide an informative, though limited, source of information on family relationships. It is interesting that these papers stretch occasionally over several decades, indicating the dilatory nature of action on the part of executors as well as the legal battles which frequently ensued. Indeed, the records seem to suggest that members of the family did not hesitate to take legal action against one another (such as the apparent wrangling between Samuel and Isaac Grubb over the estate of their father John Grubb II), nor was indebtedness between close relatives uncommon. For most of these individuals, however, the only way to determine the stipulations in their wills is through receipts and discharges provided by their executors.

The family was involved in a multitude of other legal activities, as the articles of agreement and contracts of indenture would indicate. As prominent landowners they must have had a large number of tenants, including other members of the Grubb family. Such was the case with a certain Samuel Grubb, who was renting his land from others. Indeed, it would seem that there was a decline in the fortunes among some of the peripheral branches of the family, as several individuals lived and died in a significant amount of debt. Nevertheless, the records indicate a wide network of interdependence among relatives and close friends, as the institution of legal guardianship over orphaned children was an occasional occurrence. Other items of note include an 1882 list of registered voters in Brandywine Hundred, which lists 189 names and provides a good record of residents and families in the region. The numerous receipts in the collection show the economic activities of members of the family (goods purchased and loans made). In addition, many of the legal documents, such as the promissory notes, contain witness lists, and it is often only through these that mention is made of some of the more peripheral members of the family.


Contents List

Box -- Folder -- Contents

                 
     
          Series I.  Financial Business of Isaac Grubb, 1800-1863
          Includes account records from three generations:  Isaac Grubb, his son Adam
          Grubb, and his grandson Isaac N. Grubb.

1    F1   Account Book, 1800-1830  (246 pp.)
          Included is a chronological listing of accounts for foodstuffs, supplies, 
          and taxes paid by Isaac Grubb to craftsmen and others with whom he 
          did business.  These entries are in narrative form, contain the signature 
          of each recipient, and a line is drawn to separate one from the next.  In 
          addition, every entry is written in a different hand and in different ink, so 
          Isaac Grubb must have asked those receiving money from him to write 
          their receipt in his journal themselves.

     F2   "Horse Book," 1816-1829  (24 pp.)
          Also entitled "Plank Book," it contains an account of work done at Grubb's
          Landing, Brandywine Landing, and Christina Landing cutting planks for people. 
          The dimensions of the wood cut and the amount charged for the service are also
          included.  The name Mr. Humphreys, "Navy Agent" appears repeatedly in the
          ledger, and it is possible that Isaac was contracted by the U.S. Navy.  Towards 
          the back of the journal are entries relating to the business of insuring horses, 
          and other miscellaneous entries; such as notes on who he lent items to, and 
          remedies for various ailments and diseases.

     F3   Account Book, 1808-1828  (202 pp.)
          Contains an index of names, alphabetized and providing page numbers for quick
          reference in the journal.  Entries are listed according to individual account, and
          charges for service are broken down into columns of pounds, shillings, and pence. 
          Some of the individuals named were tenants, others were family members, and the
          occupations of those who practiced one (such as blacksmith, or wheelwright) were
          specifically listed. 

     F4   Account Book, 1824-1863  (88 pp.)
          This is essentially a continuation of the account book listed above, except 
          that the British monetary system has been changed to "D[ollars]" and 
          "C[ents]."  There are also notes written on the inside of the front cover.  
          Included towards the back is a loose sheet of devotional narrative entitled: 
          "Whare shall the ungodly Apear /are the godly     ," and on the inside back 
          cover is written a medical cure "receipt to stop blood".


1         Series 2.  Personal Business
          This series spans the period 1759-1928 and includes personal correspondence
          among members of the Grubb family; funeral notices and legal and financial
          business regarding the wills and estates of deceased relatives; and miscellaneous
          papers, including such items as newspaper clippings, a list of registered 
          voters in Brandywine Hundred, a frontispiece illustration, and a poem.
     
     F5   Letters, 1834-1927  (29 items)
          These are primarily family letters, and often contain correspondence from two or
          three individuals in a single letter.  Several are written from Louis and Mary
          Grubb to their parents, and several are written and received by Adam Grubb. 
          Other individuals include members of the prominent Talley family, and Clarissa
          G. Wilson, sister of Adam Grubb.  Also included are two notices of termination of
          lease by Adam Grubb, dated to 1862 and 1866.

2    F6   Funeral Notices, 1859-1881  (7 items)

          Wills and Estate Records, 1759-1877
          These include the financial and legal business for the estates of several members
          of the Grubb family.  There are a few wills, but most of the items are receipts,
          accounts, and discharges of payment to beneficiaries stipulated in the wills of 
          the deceased.  The executors of the estates, clearly named in each case, were
          responsible for this financial business, and whose name and signature is found on
          virtually every item.

     F7   John Grubb, 1759-1765  (3 items)
          Includes receipts and a financial account of Samuel Grubb, executor.

     F8   Mary Grubb, 1775-1782  (15 items)
          Includes a will, discharges, and receipts.

     F9   Samuel Grubb, Sr., 1778-1807  (14 items)
          Includes agreements, discharges, and receipts from Isaac Grubb, executor.

     F10  Adam Grubb, 1789-1799  (8 items)
          Includes an Administration Account on estate, statement of account, discharges,
          releases, and receipts.

     F11  John Crawford, 1790-1798  (12 items)
          Includes accounts of estate, Account of Receipt for Samuel and John Crawford
          Jr., receipts, and a Notice of Award of Estate to Isaac and Samuel Grubb.

2         Series 2.  Personal Business (cont'd)
     
     F12  Jemima Staples, 1790 Jul 28  (1 item)
          Includes her will.

     F13  Catherine Plankinton, 1813 May 18  (1 item)
          Includes her will.

     F14  Isaac Grubb, 1838-1839  (3 items)
          Includes discharges of financial obligation by executor.

     F15  Adam Grubb, 1859-1877  (3 items)
          Includes wills and receipts.


     F16  Miscellaneous Items, 1784-1928  (13 items)
          Includes a wide variety of items:
          - a circular from the Garfield National Masonic Memorial Association, sent by
          secretary W. A. Reynolds and dated 1882. 
          - undated directions for Isaac Grubb to a property in Iowa.
          - an undated notice from peach tree inoculations. 
          - an undated and unidentified personal note regarding the estate of Rebekah
          Booth; 
          - an undated and unidentified list of "Questions to ask Thomas Hall."
          - a "Plan of Chester Circuit for the Years 1843-4" for preachers and exhorters,
          whose names are recorded as well as a calendar providing location, day, and time
          of their planned activities.
          - an 1864 Certificate of the Board of Enrollment certifying that Isaac N. Grubb
          found a substitute for military service. 
          - an 1882 holographed list of registered voters in the East District of Brandywine
          Hundred. 
          - a portion of the Pennsylvania Packet, dated October 2, 1784. 
          - a clipping from the Greensboro Daily News dated May 27, 1928.  It was sent to
          Newton Grubb by Henry N. Blake of North Carolina, and concerns a memorial to
          Jacob Bason.
          - a poem entitled "The Dying Husband to his Wife," copied by Isaac Grubb for his
          mother, Margeretta Grubb (dated April 1818).
          - a March 1863 survey of property belonging to Isaac N. Grubb.
          - an undated frontispiece Illustration, from "The Captur'd Frolick."  The
          engraving is of "Captain Jones / Commander of the Macedonian."  A work
          published by J. Kneass, in Philadelphia. 

2         Series 3.  Financial and Legal Records
          This series concerns the financial and legal business of the Grubb family, and
          spans the period 1737-1940.  Included are receipts, promissory notes, notices of
          certification, indentures, conditions of sale, bills, and other legal items.

     F17  Miscellaneous Legal Items, 1737-1805  (4 items)
          Includes a quitclaim by Susanna Bellerby on the estate of her brother, Isaac
          Bellerby; a release, dated 1763, by Richard Mosely and wife to John Crawford
          and wife (partly destroyed); a discharge, dated 1777, of John More from service to
          Isaac Grubb; and an 1805 statement of Ann Smith which gives power of attorney
          to her son, Thomas Smith.

     F18  Payment Receipts, 1742-1897  (58 items)
          These are written on scraps of paper, and signed by the individual who received
          payment.  Many of these are for goods and services.  Receipts for payment by
          executors of estates are filed with the financial papers of the relevant 
          individual.

     F19  Bonds, 1745-1884  (12 items)
          These are notices of indebtedness.

     F20  Bills, 1758-1866  (10 items)

     F21  Conditions of Sale, 1760-1877  (4 items)

     F22  Indentures, 1762-1847  (6 items)
          Includes: an indenture of Joseph Trewman to Samuel and Lydia Grubb (1762); an
          indenture of Benjamin and Mary Pierce to Isaac Pierce (1842); a lease between
          Samuel Grubb and George W. Cook (1776); a deed by Thomas B. Guest to
          Thomas G. Smith (1825); a deed by Joseph Pierce and wife to William W.
          Bennett (1840); and a mortgage by Adam Grubb and wife to Sarah Woolley
          (1847).

     F23  Miscellaneous Accounts, 1765-1803  (3 items)
          Includes accounts for Mary Grubb to Thomas Gibbons (1765) and Isaac Grubb to
          George W. Cook (1776), both for goods and services.  The last is an account of
          Charles Hambleton to Isaac Grubb (1803) for wood measured and cut.

     F24  Promissory Notes, 1774-1863  (11 items)
          Holographed on slips of paper and possess witness' signatures.


2         Series 3.  Financial and Legal Records (cont'd)
          
     F25  Articles of Agreement, 1782-1880  (7 items)
          The bulk of these are from the period 1782-1793; only one is dated 1880.  Part of
          the second page of a 1778 agreement, with witness list and seals, is missing.
     
     F26  Orphans Court, 1782-1880  (8 items)
          Legal business settled at the Orphans Court of New Castle County, Delaware. 
          Included are guardianship contracts of Isaac Grubb over Isaac Billerby, Isaac
          Grubb over John Grubb, Isaac Grubb and William Talley over the children of the
          late George Robinson, Isaac N. Grubb over Harriet D. Smith (1880), and the
          settlement of a supplemental account.

     F27  Notices of Appointment and Certification, 1835-1904  (10 items)
          These include certificates issued to Adam Grubb for the right of exhortation and
          prayer in Bethel Methodist Church for the years 1835, 1836, 1837, & 1843, and in
          Siloam Methodist Church for the years 1862 and 1865.  Also included are notices
          of appointment issued to Isaac N. Grubb for Supervisor of Grubb's Landing Road
          (1855), Collector of County Taxes for New Castle County (1878), and a
          consideration of the appointment to Recorder of Deeds for New Castle County
          (1870s).  In addition, there is a voting registration certificate issued by 
          New Castle County to Isaac N. Grubb (1904).

     F28  Tax and Bank Papers, 1849-1868  (6 items)
          Includes three check stubs from The Farmers Bank at Wilmington, all of which
          were written by Isaac N. Grubb.  Also included are two tax receipts and a tax form
          with a written note.

     F29  Miscellaneous Calculations, 1939-1940  (5 pp.)
          Written in pencil, an accounting of "Baffin?? Sales"

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