University of Delaware Library

Special Collections Department


Wendingen Collection

1919

Graphics Collection Number: 105
Extent: One box, 24 items.
Content: Wood Engravings.
Access: The collection is open for research.
Processed: 1997 by Iris Snyder.

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Table of Contents


Historical Note

The magazine Wendingen was the expression of a group of young Dutch architects, a subgroup of the members of the professional association Architectura et Amicitia which included not only architects and engineers, but artists, skilled technicians, and craftsmen. The new magazine was geared not just to members of the organization, but to those interested in architecture and the graphic and decorative arts. The first issue, edited by Hendrikus Theodorus Wijdeveld, was published in January 1918 with a limited print-run of approximately 150 copies. The title of the magazine, chosen by Wijdeveld, means upheavals and was taken from a quote by Nietzsche about "Umwalzung aller Werte" or upheaval of all values.

From 1918 until 1931, one hundred sixteen issues of Wendingen were published. Most of the issues had specific themes, with text limited to give more space to the illustrations. Among the theme issues were thirty-one dedicated to Dutch architecture, ten to the applied arts, eleven to sculpture, ten to painting, eleven to graphics, and eight to theater and dance. The variety reflected the artistic ferment during these early years of Dutch modernism and the eclectic interests of the magazine's editorial staff. Among the artistic influences on the magazine were the Amsterdam school of architecture and German expressionism. Non-Dutch artists were also included, including seven issues devoted to the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright.

Wendingen was also important for its layout and typographic design. The design was influenced by William Morris and by Japanese-style bookbinding. The magazine's contribution to Dutch typographical art was its close integration of text and decoration. The geometrically stylized typefaces and decorative elements of Wendingen were influential in advertising graphics and book and magazine covers throughout Europe.

Source:

"Wendingen": Art and design in a nineteenth-century Dutch magazine. Text by Giovanni Fanelli, Ezio Godoli. Milan: Franco Maria Ricci, 1986.


Scope Note

The wood engravings in this collection were produced for issue number 7/8 of volume II of Wendingen, published July/August 1919. The issue was devoted to wood engravings, which they refer to as "xylography." The artists, who were identified with the artistic style "Nieuwe Kunst" included K.P.C. de Bazel, J.L.M. Lauwericks, B. Essers, J.Veldher, N. Eekman, J.B. van Heukelom, Jac. Jonert, A.J. Grootens, W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp, D.Nijland, L.O.Wenkelbach, S. Jessurum de Mesquita, G. De Smet, Filarski, Kamp, G.P.L. Hilborst, W.Wijnman, and Daan de Vries.

All of the plates are printed on Chinese paper and printed by wood engravings. The plates were cut out of a copy of the magagine Wendingen. The original size of the pages was 32.5 x 32.5 cm. Because cutting was uneven and not consistent, the size of the print no longer reflects the original size.


Contents List

Box -- Folder -- Contents


F1   J.L.M. Lauwerikes
          [Head with bird headdress]. [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 39 x 26 cm.

F2   K.P.C. De Bazel
          "3 Houtseneden" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 6.  Three small woodcuts entitled Prospectus, Tanha, and Gesak.

F3   K.P.C De Bazel
          "2 Houtsneden Kallender in Perenhoofd in Palmhouldoor" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 7. Two woodcut designs for calendars.

F4   J.L.M. Lauwerikes
          [Medieval figures], [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 39 x 26 cm.
          Number 8. Two medieval figures held up by large "native" figure.

F5   J.L.M. Lauwerikes
          [Four figures and book], [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 39 x 26 cm.
          Number 9.  Two figures with halos, one holding book with "IDEEN" on cover.
          Two figures in modern dress.

F6   J.G. Veldheer.
          "Ree", [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 12.  Two lame men.

F7   N. Eeekman.
          "De Kruepelen" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 12. Two lame men.

F8   N. Eeekman
          De Kreupelen, [1919]
          Woodcut on chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 13.  Two lame people.

F9   J.B. Heukelom
          "Aspen" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 14. Two apes.

F10  A.H.W. Filarski
          "Bergalandschap" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 14. Mountain Range.

F11  Jac. Jongert 
          "Het Anker" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 15. An Anchor.

F12  A.J. Grootens
          "Diptiek" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 16.  An animal with abstract flower forms.

F13  A.J. Grootens
          "Diptiek" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 17.  Abstract flower forms.

F14  W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp
          "Stadhuis Te Veere" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 20. Man fishing in canal.

F15      Dirk Nijland
          "Bij Het Loods-Kantoor" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 20.  Man fishing in canal.

F16  Dirk Nijland
          "De Slaper" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm. 
          Number 21. The Sleeper.
     
F17  L.O. Wenckebach
          "Isaak Zegent Jacob" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 22.  Isaac blessing Jacob.

F18  L.O. Wenckebach
          "Lamme Goedzak en Zijn Ezel" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 23.  Man asleep on his donkey.

F19  Huib Luns
          "Oorlog" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 34.  Portrait of a man.

F20  S. Jessurun de Mesquita
          "Piet Vorkink" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese Paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 34.  Portrait of a man.

F21  Chris Lebeau
          "Phillip Metman" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese Paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 35.  Portrait of a man.

F22  Kamp
          "De Greep" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 49.  A mermaid or sea spirit. Image is six sided.

F23  Daan de Vries
          "Toren te Veere" [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          Number 51. Tower in Veere.

F24  G.P.L. Hilhorst
          Schaapherder [1919]
          Woodcut on Chinese paper, 52.5 x 39 cm.
          No number.  A shepherd.

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