Early Career & Latin American Boom
Mario Vargas Llosa was born in 1936 in Arequipa, Peru. His diverse body of work includes novels, plays, literary criticism, political essays, and other works of non-fiction. He earned a PhD from the University of Madrid in 1959 and has served as a visiting professor at universities around the world. Vargas Llosa is also known for his involvement in Latin American politics: he was a candidate for president of Peru in 1990, but lost to the controversial Alberto Fujimori.
Vargas Llosa published his first novel, La ciudad y los perros (translated in English as The Time of the Hero), in 1960. Copies were burned in Peru in response to its scathing account of a Peruvian military academy. La ciudad y los perros is recognized as a key novel from the Latin American Boom, a time in which Latin American literature gained an unprecedented audience around the world. In the second half of the twentieth century, Latin American political upheaval and unrest were subjects of a global dialogue. Increased interest in the region paved the way for Latin American authors to reach a wider readership worldwide.
Mario Vargas Llosa published works of fiction throughout the 1960s and 1970s. Among the author's many literary prizes is the prestigious Premio Rómulo Gallegos for La casa verde. Vargas Llosa delivered the lecture "La literatura es fuego" on August 11, 1967, when he accepted the prize.
- La casa verde. Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1965.
- Los cachorros. Barcelona: Editorial Lumen, 1967.
- The Time of the Hero. Translated by Lysander Kemp. New York: Grove Press, 1966.
- La ciudad y los perros. Madrid: Punto de Lectura, 2003.
- La tía Julia y el escribador. Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1994.
- Pantaleón y las vistadoras. Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1989.
- Contra viento y marea, volume 1. Barcelona: Seix Barral, 1986.
- Shaw, Donald L. A Companion to Modern Spanish American Fiction. London: Tamesis, 2002.