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Remembering the Attack on Pearl Harbor

December 3, 2012 – December 20, 2012

curated by
Evan Echols

Thomas Francis Jones, Sr., a native of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, served in the Civilian Conservation Corps, 1937–1940, after which he served in the United States Army Coast Artillery. Jones enrolled in the United States Army and was stationed in Hawaii as a member of Battery C, 15th Coast Artillery. He was honorably discharged at the rank of Private First Class from the Army on July 12, 1945. In 1946, he married Ann Barras in Philadelphia.

Jones was stationed at Fort Barrette, Hawaii, and was working as a plane spotter on the morning of December 7, 1941, when the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked Pearl Harbor. The guns of Fort Barrette were meant to protect Pearl Harbor, so Fort Barrette and the Marine Corps Air Field at Ewa were first attacked before the Japanese planes flew over the ships in the harbor. The attack ultimately resulted in the deaths of 2,402 American and 64 Japanese servicemen and marked the entry of the United States into the Second World War. Many of the items collected by Mr. Jones during his service in the Army, while stationed in Hawaii and during the war, were donated to the University of Delaware Library by his family in February 2012.

  1. Image of the front page of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin, December 8, 1941.

  2. Training manual: Recognition features of Japanese and United States ships and aircraft, circa 1940–1941.

    These ship silhouettes were issued to Army personnel in Hawaii and used for identification training.

  3. Chronological report of December 7, 1941, December 10, 1941.

    This handwritten report, from December 10, details the events of three days earlier. It shows that Fort Barrette was attacked at 07:55 and that Corporal Joseph A. Medlen, a casualty of the attack, was “machine–gunned” at 08:05.

  4. Christmas in Hawaii, 1941.

    This 1941 Christmas program is from Fort Barrette and bears pencil marks beside the names of many men with the note, “41 gone by Xmas, 1942” or killed in action.

  5. Images of damaged U.S. Navy ships, including the USS Oklahoma, after the attack on Pearl Harbor, 1941.

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