University of Delaware Library

Special Collections Department


Ernest Hemingway In His Time

The Old Man and the Sea

Hemingway's critical reputation began to suffer as early as the mid-1930s. With the exception of For Whom the Bell Tolls, published in 1940, Hemingway's books were received with increasing dissatisfaction until the publication of The Old Man and the Sea in 1952. His novella received universal praise from reviewers and critics, and brought him the Pulitzer Prize. The Old Man and the Sea also served as a springboard to his award of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954. It was to be Hemingway's last critical acclaim in his lifetime. It was not until his memoir, A Moveable Feast, appeared posthumously in 1964 that Hemingway's literary reputation was restored.


Life The Old Man and the Sea
New York: Life Magazine, 1952.

These galley proofs for the original publication of this novella in Life are accompanied by a copy of the September 1, 1952 issue of the magazine in which the novella was published in its entirety.


The Old Man and the Sea
New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1952.

This first book publication of the novella brought Hemingway the Pulitzer Prize in 1953.


Der alter un der yam
New York: Der Kval, 1958.

This unique Yiddish edition of The Old Man and the Sea was translated by M. Shitker and has illustrations by Leonard Baskin.

ill. by Leonard Baskin


The Old Man and the Sea [poster]
Warner Bros. [1958]

For this 1958 film starring Spencer Tracy, Hemingway edited the script and served as the "technical advisor" for fishing scenes shot on-location in Peruvian and Cuban waters.


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