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Ernest Hemingway In His Time

Appearing in the Little Magazines

For much of the initial period Hemingway lived and wrote in Paris, the only writing he had published was his journalism. Gradually, as his reputation among the literary expatriate community grew, his work began to appear with regularity in many of the most important little magazines in Europe and the United States, including Little Review, Poetry, The Exile, Transatlantic Review, This Quarter, transition, The Double Dealer, and Der Querschnitt. Hemingway was also included in the Contact Collection of Contemporary Writers (1925), the first important anthology of the work of the expatriates.

One reason for Hemingway's original change of publishers from Liveright to Scribner's, was the opportunity the latter offered him to publish his work in Scribner's Magazine, in which his friend F. Scott Fitzgerald published and for which he received handsome payments. As Hemingway became established as a writer, he became one of the most sought-after, and highly-paid magazine writers of his time. His articles, stories, and excerpts from novels appeared frequently in such magazines as Life, Esquire, Cosmopolitan, Holiday, and a host of other commercial magazines.

The Double Dealer The Double Dealer, 3 (May 1922)

Hemingway's short two-page story, "A Divine Gesture" was situated in the Garden of Eden. Editors Julius Friend, Basil Thompson, and John McClure aimed to introduce "experimental writing" to the South, and Ernest Hemingway was the first new writer they introduced in 1922. In the next issue, a second Hemingway contribution was followed by that of another new writer, William Faulkner.

the transatlantic review, 1 (April 1924).

Hemingway's "Work in Progress" in this issue was later published with the title "Indian Camp."

the transatlantic review

re the transatlantic review Louis Henry Cohn to Ernest Hemingway, with Hemingway's typed response,
typed note [n.d.], p. 3 of 14 pp.

Responding to a set of typed questions from Cohn concerning bibliographical information about his publications, Hemingway explained his editorial involvement in Ford Madox Ford's transatlantic review.

Der Querschnitt, 4 (November 1924).

This issue contained "Part Two of the Soul of Spain with McAlmon and Bird the Publishers" and "The Lady Poets With Foot Notes," both of which were included in Cohn's galley proof for Four Poems. In satirical imitation of T.S. Eliot, Hemingway provided elaborate footnotes giving clues to identify "the Lady Poets." According to Hemingway scholar Michael Reynolds, these ladies were:

  1. Edna St. Vincent Millay
  2. Aline Kilmer
  3. Sara Teasdale
  4. Zoe Akins
  5. Lola Ridge
  6. Amy Lowell
Der Querschnitt

The Little Review The Little Review, 10 (Autumn 1924 - Winter 1925).

Hemingway's story, "Mr. and Mrs. Elliot," originally published in this issue, was later revised to avoid censorship for inclusion in Liveright's publication of in our time.

Ernest Hemingway to Horace Liveright,
typed letter signed, May 22, 1925, 2 pp.

Mailing corrected galley proofs of in our time from Paris to his publisher in New York, Hemingway asked Liveright to confirm that his revision of "Mr. and Mrs. Elliot" would pass the censor. Originally published in The Little Review, Hemingway noted that editor Jane Heap did not get into any trouble for publishing the story with its "few funny cracks." Hemingway commended Liveright's editor for intelligent changes, including with punctuation, but explained his attitude was that punctuation "ought to be as conventional as possible" and warned not to let the editor be inspired to make further changes.

Letter to Liveright

Contact Collection of Contemporary Writers
[Paris: Contact Editions/Three Mountains Press] 1925.

Hemingway's story "Soldiers Home" was included in this seminal Modernist anthology edited by Robert McAlmon. Other contributors included Djuna Barnes, Mary Butts, Ford Madox Ford, Ezra Pound, and James Joyce, to name just several.

This Quarter This Quarter, I (Autumn 1925 - Winter 1926).

Hemingway appeared in two of the three issues of This Quarter edited by the magazine's founder, Ernest Walsh, who died in 1926. This European magazine had a large number of American subscribers, and Edward Titus resumed publishing the magazine in Paris from 1929-1932. "Big Two Hearted River" and "Homage to Ezra" appeared in Spring 1925; Hemingway's "The Undefeated" appeared in this second issue; and a later Hemingway story was published in 1931.

The Exile, No. 1 (Spring 1927).

Hemingway's "Neo-Thomist Poem" was misprinted as "Nothoemist Poem" in this issue of The Exile. Editor Ezra Pound corrected every copy in pencil. In reply to a question from Cohn, Hemingway explained that "Neo-Thomist" referred to "temporary embracing of church by literary gents." Hemingway's initials were also misprinted on the cover of this issue: his middle initial "M" is for Miller.

The Exile

transition transition, 5 (August 1927)

Hemingway's story "Hills Like White Elephants" was printed in this early issue of transition, one of the most important of the expatriate literary magazines.

Scribner's Magazine, 85 (May 1929).

This issue contained the first of six installments of the serialized version of "A Farewell to Arms."

Scribner's Magazine

Four Poems by Ernest Hemingway, galley proof.
[New York: Louis Henry Cohn] 1930

With the notice "On August 31, 1930, There were printed privately for the prevention of piracy 12 copies of Four Poems, for E.H. by L.H.C. This is number...," Cohn's intention was to protect the copyright of Hemingway's work published in the German little magazine, Der Querschnitt. Hemingway discouraged the project, writing in a letter of September 4 [1930] "I do not wish to have any publicity or stink by now getting out poems written years ago and published only in Germany. So perhaps it would be best to let it drop. You have the one galley proof. I rely on you to pull no more unless you want to pull one for me, and if you have one and I one that is sufficient and perhaps two too many..."

Letter to Cohn Ernest Hemingway to Louis Henry Cohn,
autograph letter signed, September 4 [1930], 2 pp.

From Cooke City, Montana, Hemingway confirmed for his bibliographer the existence of autograph manuscripts of almost all his stories and books, and commented doubtfully on the value of Cohn's publishing "Four Poems" which had originally appeared in Der Querschnitt. For Cohn's collection of manuscripts, Hemingway said he thought Cohn "would rather have a damned good story," and offered a page from an unpublished story on the Greco-Turkish War, "Death of the Standard Oil Man." Hemingway closed the letter with a drawing of "new punctuation on face" from a recent accident.

Hearst's International/Cosmopolitan, 92 (May 1932).

This issue contained a short story, "After the Storm."

Hearst's International Cosmopolitan

"Marlin Off the Morro: A Cuban Letter" in Esquire, 1 (Autumn 1933),
accompanied by reproduction of a photograph.

This photograph is reproduced from an original which Hemingway sent to Louis Henry Cohn. It was taken at the same time as the other photographs which illustrate "Marlin Off the Morro."

Esquire Esquire, (January 1934)

Hemingway was a frequent contributor in the 1930s to Esquire, a magazine which aimed "to become the common denominator of masculine interests." He wrote dozens of "Letters" on various topics from such locales as Paris, Tanganyika, Cuba, Key West, and Spain.

KenPublisher's announcement
Ken, 2 (August 11, 1938)

Ken: the Insider's World.

The publisher's announcement for the new magazine proclaimed "one of Ken's editors will be Ernest Hemingway." Hemingway's contributions were regularly positioned opposite the center photographic feature of this short-lived magazine.

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