University of Delaware Library

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Ernest Hemingway In His Time

From Liveright to Scribner's

Delighted. Accept Although in 1925 Hemingway was initially delighted to accept a publishing contract with Boni & Liveright, Inc., he was soon pursuaded by his friend F. Scott Fitzgerald that he could make more money from Charles Scribner's Sons with lucrative submissions to Scribner's Magazine. Hemingway satirized his early mentor Sherwood Anderson, who was also published by Boni & Liveright, in Torrents of Spring. When Liveright refused to publish this title, Hemingway argued that his contract with them had been broken, and moved to Scribner's, where he enjoyed a long relationship with editor Maxwell Perkins.

Liveright to Hemingway Ernest Hemingway to Leon Fleischman,
autograph letter signed, March 6, 1925, 1 p.

Ernest Hemingway to Horace Liveright,
telegram, March 6, 1925, 1 p.

Horace B. Liveright to Ernest Hemingway,
carbon typescript signed, March 17, 1925, 2 pp.

From the Hotel Taube in Schruns, Austria, where he was vacationing with his wife Hadley, Hemingway wrote publisher's representative Fleischman that he had received Liveright's offer to publish the collection of short stories in our time for "two hundred dollars advance against usual royalties" and had cabled his acceptance to Horace Liveright in New York. New York publisher Boni and Liveright, Inc.'s contract to publish Hemingway's volume of short stories contained an option to publish his next three books, "one of which shall be a full length novel."

Louis Henry Cohn to Ernest Hemingway, with Hemingway's typed response,
typed note [n.d.], p. 1 of 14 pp.

Responding to a set of typed questions from Cohn concerning bibliographical information about his publications, Hemingway explained the publication date for in our time.

In Our Time: Stories
New York: Boni & Liveright, 1925.

First edition of Hemingway's first commercially-published book.

Good Books, Fall 1925 [catalog]
New York: Boni & Liveright [1925]

This publisher's brochure contains listings for In Our Time with other Fall 1925 releases, including Sherwood Anderson's Dark Laughter, Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy, Gertrude Atherton's The Crystal Cup, Thomas Dixon's The Love Complex, Anita Loos's Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Max Eastman's Since Lenin Died, and a translation of Dr. William Stekel's Frigidity in Woman in Relation to Her Love Life.

Fitzgerald letter F. Scott Fitzgerald to Horace Liveright,
carbon typescript, 1925, 1 p.

Fitzgerald recommended The Torrents of Spring to Horace Liveright as "about the best comic book ever written by an American." Fitzgerald's real motive, however, was to assist Hemingway to break with Liveright and move to his own publisher, Charles Scribner's Sons, which Hemingway shortly did.

The Torrents of Spring: a Romantic Novel in Honor of the Passing of a Great Race
New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1926.

One of Hemingway's first literary mentors was the author Sherwood Anderson, who provided a good deal of support and encouragement to the younger author. Torrents of Spring was a satire of Anderson and his place in American literature. Horace Liveright, Hemingway's publisher, also published Anderson and refused to bring the book out. Hemingway used this refusal to move to Scribner's, who served as his primary publisher for the remainder of his career.

Torrents of Spring

Ernest Hemingway to Horace Liveright,
typed letter signed, January 19, 1926, 2 pp.

In this letter, Hemingway argues that Boni & Liveright has violated his contract by refusing to publish Torrents of Spring. Annotations in an unidentified hand on the letter, possibly made by an aide to Horace Liveright, indicate that Hemingway's claim is valid. Hemingway eventually won the argument and moved to Scribner's for the duration of his career.

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