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General Material on Forgery

Frank Tober's primary goal for his literary forgery collection was to assemble a strong research collection on as wide a range of pertinent topics as possible. As part of this effort, he acquired a wealth of secondary historical, critical, and reference material from all periods. His collection also includes books on such topics as counterfeiting and the forgery of artwork and furniture. Reflecting his career as a research scientist, he was also fascinated by the technical processes used to detect forgeries and his collection includes works on forensics, the scientific examination of documents, the chemistry of paper and ink, handwriting analysis, and a host of related subjects. Following is a representative sample of this portion of the collection.

Heath's Infallible Counterfeit Detector Laban Heath.
Heath's Infallible Counterfeit Detector at Sight: the Only Infallible Method of Detecting Counterfeit, Spurious, and Altered Bank Notes .... Boston: Published by Laban Heath, 1864.

This manual was designed to instruct bank tellers and shopkeepers how to detect counterfeit money.

James Anson Farrer, 1849-1925.
Literary Forgeries. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1907.

Farrer's history of literary forgeries was one of the first comprehensive treatments of the subject and remains useful today.

C. Ainsworth (Charles Ainsworth) Mitchell, b. 1867.
Documents and Their Scientific Examination: with Especial Reference to the Chemistry Involved in Cases of Suspected Forgery, Investigation of Disputed Documents, Handwriting, etc. London: Charles Griffin & Co., 1922.

This title is representative of the technical material on the scientific examination of documents which Frank Tober acquired for his literary forgery collection.

George H. Zinnel.
Forgeries, Handwriting: Something for Nothing. [Minneapolis: Minneapolis: Bureau of Engraving, 1931].

Zinnel examines forgery in its most basic manifestations: forged handwriting, spurious checks, typewriter comparisons, and even forged college examinations.

Handbook on Philatelic Forgeries, by Spying Eye. Chicago: The Maplewood Press, [1948].

Frank Tober was a longtime stamp collector and with this title two of his collecting interests intersect. Spying Eye was the pen name of a Chicago philatelist, Ben B. Newman, and this Handbook contains a selection of articles which he wrote originally for the Society of Philatelic Americans Journal.

The Scholar Adventurers Richard Daniel Altick , 1915-
The Scholar Adventurers. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1950.

Richard Altick's "must-read" for graduate students in literature examines "literature's most famous research puzzles" and contains useful accounts of the best-known literary forgeries through the first half of the twentieth century.

Frauds Richard Aldington, 1892-1962.
Frauds. London: William Heinemann Ltd., 1957.

This work by the well-known English literary figure is a very readable, informative look at most of the important literary forgeries and hoaxes from the Elizabethan period to his own time.

Heinrich Schmitt, b. 1894.
The Art of the Faker: Three Thousand Years of Deception, by Frank Arnau [pseudonym]; translated from the German by J. Maxwell Brownjohn. Boston: Little, Brown, [1961].

Although Frank Tober's primary interests centered around literary forgery, he amassed a considerable amount of general reference material on forgery, such as this comprehensive work which examines all aspects of forgery, including forged paintings, sculpture, textiles, and furniture.

Cult of the Autograph Letter in England A. N. L. (Alan Noel Latimer) Munby, 1913-1974.
The Cult of the Autograph Letter in England. London: University of London, The Athlone Press, 1962.

Munby's seminal work on English autograph collecting traces the tremendous growth of interest in and monetary value of historical autographs and manuscripts which led inevitably to episodes of theft and forgery.

Scribblers and Scoundrels Charles Hamilton, 1913-1996.
Scribblers & Scoundrels. New York: Paul S. Eriksson, [1968].

Charles Hamilton, one of the best known, and most flamboyant autograph dealers of the twentieth century, wrote several well-received books on forgery.

This Solemn Mockery John Whitehead, 1934-
This Solemn Mockery: the Art of Literary Forgery. London: Arlington Books, [1973].

Whitehead provides general summaries of most of the important literary forgeries in Western history through the Wise forgeries.

James A. (James Albert) Michener, 1907-1997.
Collectors, Forgers--and a Writer: a Memoir. New York: Targ Editions, 1983.

In this reminiscence of his student years at Swarthmore College, the prolific author recounts his acquaintance with A. Edward Newton, the great collector and friend of Thomas J. Wise, who introduced Michener to the accomplishments of Wise--prior to the Carter-Pollard discoveries-- and also to the poetry of Thomas Chatterton.

Forgers and Critics Anthony Grafton.
Forgers and Critics: Creativity and Duplicity in Western Scholarship. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, [1990].

Grafton examines the intellectual foundations of forgery from classical Greece through the recent past.

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