|UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE LIBRARY|
OCEAN, BAY, AND RIVERS
Settlers discussed the idea of a canal across the Delaware peninsula as early as the mid-seventeenth century. The first serious contemplation of the project, which would shorten by nearly three hundred miles the voyage from Philadelphia to Baltimore, was led by Thomas Gilpin, a Delaware merchant, in 1764. The project took sixty years, hundreds of workers and millions of dollars to complete. First opened in 1829, the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal is one of the few from that era still in operation.
"Upper Level from Canal Bridge, St. Georges, Del." Wilmington: George A. Wolf, circa 1910. Delaware Postcard Collection.
"The 'Penn' Entering Lock, St. Georges, Del." Wilmington: Eureka Post Card Co., 1910. Delaware Postcard Collection.
Nancy C. Sawin.
Joshua Gilpin, 1765-1840.
Photograph of boaters on the river, 1936. Willard S. Stewart. Delaware Photograph Collection.
WORKING ON THE WATER
Fishing has sustained the communities of southern Delaware since earliest times. In addition to food fishing, dredging for oysters and catching of non-edible fish and crabs have been major industries. Oyster shells and horseshoe crabs have been used as chicken feed and fertilizer. Although commercial fishing has declined, sports fishing still draws vacationers.
Jack Lewis, 1912-
Photograph of crabs on Jones Creek, 1936. Willard S. Stewart. Delaware Photograph Collection.
"The Return of the Oystermen, Milford, Del." Baltimore, Md.: Louis Kaufmann & Sons, 1912. Delaware Postcard Collection.
"The Breakwater Light, Rehoboth Beach, Del." Rehoboth Beach: Horn's, 1911. Delaware Postcard Collection.
"A Day's Catch, Lewes, Del." Publisher and date unknown. Delaware Postcard Collection.
From 1733 to 1746, Fisher lived in Lewes, Delaware, the home of many
of the pilots who guided ships up the Bay to Philadelphia. His long residency
in Lewes provided him with contact among experienced pilots, whose practical
experience and hand-made maps would have helped him produce his chart.
Last modified: 03/19/09