UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE LIBRARY

Special Collections Department


PICTURING DELAWARE:
EARLY WORKS

 

Tierra nveva.
Gastaldi, Giacomo, ca. 1500-ca. 1565. Venice: Valgrisi?, between 1561 and 1564.

The coastline on this map was copied from maps made by the explorers Jacques Cartier and Giovanni da Verrazano who had sailed to the northeast coast of North America earlier in the sixteenth century. The mapmaker hypothesized the presence of mountains inland and joined the Hudson and St. Lawrence Rivers, believing that they had a common source.
Pearl Herlihy Daniels Map Collection


John Farrer
A mapp of Virginia discouered to ye Hills. 1651.
This map was engraved by John Goddard for the third edition of Edward Williams' Virginia.

Farrer, a member of the Virginia Company of London believed that America was only about three hundred miles from ocean to ocean. The map indicates a narrow isthmus at the head of James and Hudson Rivers which connects to a lake running to the Sea of China and the Indies. The map shows Dutch and Swedish settlements to the north (right). It also identifies the "Checopiacke" Bay.
Pearl Herlihy Daniels Map Collection


Arnoldus Montanus, 1625?-1683.
Die unbekante Neue Welt. Amsterdam: J. von Meurs, 1673.

Montanus's Amerika was perhaps the greatest illustrated book on the New World produced in the seventeenth century. Montanus's work contained over one hundred beautifully engraved plates, views, and maps of North and South America. This map identifies the names of the Native American tribes in the region.


Novii Belgii, Novaque Anglia nec non partis Virginia Tabulae. Justus Danckers, Amsterdam, circa 1682.

Novii Belgii, by the Dutch cartographer Justus Danckers, was based on a prototype first issued by Jan Jansson around 1651 and decorated with a cartouche showing a view of New Amsterdam, first issued by Nicholas Visscher about 1655. This edition of the map was published after the founding of Philadelphia in 1682. It also includes the designation "Niew Castel alias Sandhoeck."


A new map of the most considerable plantations of the English in America. Sutton Nicholls sculp. Wells, Edward, 1667-1727. Oxford: Printed at the Theatre, 1701.

This map was included in an atlas entitled A New Sett of Maps both Antient and Present Geography, first published in 1700 and in print until 1738. Chesapeake Bay and Cape Henlopin are the only Delaware locations identified.Pearl Herlihy Daniels Map Collection


Thomas Campanius Holm, ca. 1670-1702.
Kort beskrifning om provincien Nya Swerige uti America : som nu fortjden af the Engelske kallas Pensylvania Stockholm: J.H. Werner, 1702.

Kort beskrifning, the first detailed account of the colony of New Sweden was written by Holm based primarily on manuscripts written by his grandfather, Johan Campanius Holm (1601-1683), who arrived in America in 1643 as minister for the colony. This image portrays Fort Casimir, which was established in 1651 by Peter Syuyvesant in the settlement of Santhoeck, now New Castle.


Johann Baptistus Homann.
Virginia Marylania et Carolina in American Septentrionali 1720.

The geography on this map was outdated even when it was published because Homann took information from maps published a hundred years earlier. The map, published in Nürnburg, was apparently an attempt to encourage German immigration to the New World. The ornate title cartouche shows the wealth of the country including fish, plants, gold, and slaves.


A New Map of Virginia and Maryland. Herman Moll. London, 1730.

Herman Moll (d.1732) was born in the Netherlands and moved to London about 1680. He began his career as an engraver and was renown as the foremost map publisher in England in the early eighteenth century. This map, which depicts the entire Chesapeake Bay, is important because it was probably the most widely owned map of the Tidewater Region in the eighteenth century, having been published in numerous editions.
Pearl Herlihy Daniels Map Collection


Tobias E. Bjorck, 1668-1740.
Dissertatio Gradualis, de Plantatione Ecclesiae Svecanae in America. Upsaliae: Literis Wernerianis, 1731.

This dissertation, presented at the University of Upsala, concerns the history of the Swedish Church in America and missionary activities among the Indians. Dissertatio Gradualis appears to be the first work about New Sweden written by a native born author. The map, engraved by Jonas Silverling, shows the Swedish settlements between the Chesapeake Bay and New York.


Delaware. Philadelphia: J. Scott, 1795.
Philadelphia engraver and publisher Joseph T. Scott was, along with fellow Philadelphian Mathew Carey, one of the first American cartographic publishers. His important United States Gazetteer included a map of the United States and separate maps of all the states.
Pearl Herlihy Daniels Map Collection


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Last modified: 03/19/09