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World War II editorial cartoons, 1942
Gift of Robert S. Mallouk

Robert S. Mallouk (b. 1926) a native of Brooklyn, New York, closely followed the progression of World War II. Mallouk was just shy of age sixteen when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Joining the national tide of patriotism and unity after the attack, the teenage Mallouk immediately began collecting daily editorial cartoons about America’s entry into World War II. Shown here are three examples from Mallouk’s collection of 649 wartime editorial cartoons from American newspapers dating between December 9, 1941 and August 26, 1946.

Felix Prueitt

Photograph albums, 1937–1948
Gift of Margi Prueitt

Felix N. Prueitt was a member of Company E of the 15th Infantry stationed at Camp Burrowes on the outskirts of Tientsin, China, from July 15, 1937, until the unit departed the country on March 2, 1938. During that time, he took numerous photographs of the area and its citizens. The images displayed in this album were taken during a critical period when Japanese forces attacked and took the city. The images show Japanese soldiers in Tientsin, a crashed Japanese aircraft, and a river gunboat. They also illustrate the graphic result of a public execution, a common method of collective punishment during the Japanese occupation of China.

Patricia D. Brown

Photographs, 1966
Gift of Patricia D. Brown

Colonel Patricia D. Brown is a retired United States Air Force officer who served as a nurse during a tour of duty in South Vietnam from August 1966 to August 1967. A member of the Air Force Nurse Corps, Brown was among the first female air force nurses to be assigned to Vietnam. These photographs have been removed from one of four albums containing 239 photographs taken during Brown’s tour of duty in Vietnam. The photographs document surgical procedures, the recovery room, and examples of the recreational activities at the 12th USAF Hospital at Cam Ranh Bay.

Chieu Hoi air-dropped leaflet, circa 1967
Gift of Thomas F. Bayard

The Chieu Hoi program was undertaken by the South Vietnamese in an attempt to encourage defection by the Viet Cong to the side of the government during the Vietnam War. Leaflets like this safe conduct pass were air–dropped over hostile territory in the hopes that enemy soldiers would read them and consider defection. This leaflet was collected by Thomas Bayard after it landed in the compound of the 66th Engineering Company Topographic.

US Army wallet card, 1967
Gift of Thomas F. Bayard

This wallet card is an example of those carried by United States soldiers during the Vietnam War, featuring simple Vietnamese phrases and the proper procedure for handling captured enemy personnel.

Thomas F. Bayard

No Cats in Vietnam: the Memoir of a Straightleg Engineer. [S.l.]: Xlibris Corp, 2007.
Gift of Thomas F. Bayard

Thomas (Tim) Bayard is a Delawarean, who has worked in architecture, photography, and has performed volunteer work, especially in the Peace Movement. In the 1960s, he served as an engineer in the United States Army during the Vietnam War. No Cats in Vietnam is a non–fiction memoir written by Bayard that recounts his early life in Lewes, Delaware, his experiences in the Army during the Vietnam War, and return to the United States after his tour of duty.

Concentration camp liberation photographs, 1945
Gift of Mary H. Brown

The photographer and location of the concentration camp are unknown, but these images show the result of the Third Reich’s “Final Solution” and horrors uncovered by Allied soldiers as they moved westward into Germany during the final weeks of World War II.

Harriet Elizabeth Hutchison

Harriet Elizabeth Hutchison was born in Smyrna, Delaware, in 1917. At the age of 26 she applied her training as a registered nurse to aid the United States Army, and for a ten year period (1943–1954) was enlisted in the active service and the reserves, including a tour of duty in Europe during World War II. During her military career she achieved the rank of captain in the Army Nurse Corp. She was stationed in France during her first tour of active duty from 1943 to 1946.

“Petit Lexiques” French phrase book, undated
Gift of Mary Hutchison Brown

This French–to–English phrase book was owned by Harriet Hutchison while she was stationed in France during and after World War II. Several sections of the book provide translations of military ranks, types of weapons, and, appropriately, anatomy and physical ailments.

French souvenir patches, 1944-1945
Gift of Mary Hutchison Brown

Shown here are several souvenir patches collected by Harriet Hutchison while stationed in France. The collection includes 32 patches representing 12 of the 22 French provinces. The remaining patches depict common French phrases or commemorate sources of pride for France, such as the scientist Louis Pasteur who developed the “germ theory of disease.”

Certificate of thanks, signed by President Harry S. Truman, circa 1945
Gift of Mary Hutchison Brown

This letter was sent to members of the United States armed forces after the end of World War II.

Reverend Willard M. White

Hand–made scrapbook, 1949-1951
Gift of Jeffery Boys

The Reverend Willard M. White scrapbooks collection includes ten hand-made scrapbooks that tell the story of the life of a twentieth-century Methodist clergyman. White attended Wesley Theological Seminary and graduated on May 6, 1930. He went on to live in and minister throughout Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The scrapbooks White kept over the course of his life illustrate the assorted roles of a pastor. This scrapbook, dating from 1949–1951, documents White’s personal and professional life and includes greeting cards; notes; newspaper clippings about deaths, marriages, and other events; and brochures, bulletins, and programs from church and community events.

Abbé Raynal (Guillaume–Thomas–François)

A Philosophical and Political History of the Settlements and Trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies. London: Printed for A. Strahan, and T. Cadell, 1788.
Gift of Carl Dawson and Susan Goodman

Abbé Raynal was an eighteenth century French writer and propagandist. His most popular work, Histoire des deux Indes (shown here in its English translation), was a history of European colonization in India and America that condemned the cruelty and religious intolerance of the colonizers. First printed in 1770, the Histoire appeared in 30 different editions between 1772 and 1789; later editions expanded upon and augmented its already radical tone. The Histoire was banned by the Catholic Church in 1774 and its author exiled from France from 1781 to 1790. Later in life he voiced opposition to the French Revolution due to its use of violence; his property was confiscated by the French National Assembly and he ended his life in poverty.

Emilie Sargent

Scrapbook of West Indies and South American cruise aboard R.M.S. Mauretania, 1933
Gift of Catherine S. Johnson

This scrapbook documents Boston, Massachusetts, native Emilie Sargent’s travels to the West Indies and South America aboard the cruise ship R.M.S. Mauretania in the fall of 1933. The scrapbook comprises approximately one-hundred pages of photographs, newsletters, postcards, programs, menus, newspaper clippings, souvenirs, and other ephemera gathered during the cruise. Sargent took these photographs of street scenes and collected these color–tinted black postcards during a September 1933, shore excursion to Trinidad. The majority of photographs in the scrapbook were taken during other shore excursions to Venezuela, Curacao, Panama, and Cuba.

Bertha Edgerton

Scrap Album, circa 1880s-1890s
Gift of Lois D. Potter

Shown here is one of two scrapbooks created by Bertha Edgerton of Creston, Lake County, Indiana, during the late–nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries. The scrapbook was most likely presented as a birthday gift for her younger sister, Ruth Edgerton, as there is a clipping on the displayed page that reads “I wish you a happy birthday.” The remainder of the book contains collectible scraps and images from seed packets and catalogs, scrap sets, catalog illustrations and advertisements, and Sunday school cards. The sources for the scraps in this classically constructed scrapbook are telling of both the period in which it was made as well as of the life of the young woman who made them.

A Collection of Memorials Concerning Divers Deceased Ministers and Others of the People Called Quakers: in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Parts Adjacent, From Nearly the First Settlement Thereof to the Year 1787; With Some of the Last Expressions and Exhortations of Many of Them. Philadelphia: Printed by John Crukshank, 1787.
Gift of John A. and Dorothy Munroe

David Humphreys

An Essay on the Life of the Honourable Major General Israel Putnam: Addressed to the State Society of the Cincinnati in Connecticut, and First Published by their Order. Boston: Published by Samuel Avery, 1818.
Gift of William J. Cohen

Israel Putnam was a veteran of the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. In the latter he served as the Senior Major-General of the army and was second–in–command to Washington. He achieved distinction at the Battle of Bunker Hill, although his career waned over the course of the war. This biography was written for the State Society of the Cincinnati in Connecticut, an American military and patriotic organization which had been founded in 1783 by veterans of the Revolution. The author was himself a veteran of the American Revolution and had served with Washington and Putnam.

H. L. (Henry Louis) Mencken

Notes on Democracy. New York: Knopf, 1926.
Gift of Mary R. Dick

H. L. Mencken was a journalist and a satirical critic of American life, known for his often caustic point of view and his willingness to create controversy. Notes on Democracy presented his criticisms of, as well as his amusements with, the institution of democracy. This volume is copy number 29 of 35 copies of the first edition printed on Shidzuoka Japan Vellum and signed by the author.

The Coon Exterminator. New York and Philadelphia: Turner & Fisher, [1844].
Gift of Jill Warren

This songbook was printed in support of James K. Polk’s successful 1844 campaign for the United States presidency. Polk had been selected as a compromise candidate by the Democrats; he was relatively unknown to the public. His presidency oversaw the annexation of Texas and the Mexican–American War.

Manuel Rodrigues

Obras Morales en Romance. [Salamanca]: A costa de Juan Garcia mercader de libros, 1610.
Gift of Judith Villamarin

This copy is an artifact of ecclesiastical censorship under the Spanish Inquisition. A handwritten inscription on the title page explains that this volume has been expurgated by the order of the Holy Office (the Inquisition) by a censor named Diego. As only portions of this book were deemed heretical, the censor used ink to blot out the offending passages, rather than burn the entire text. The censor dated his work to 1707; the text itself had not been placed on the Catholic Church’s index of banned books until 1700, almost a full century after this copy was printed. Despite its age, the volume was still regarded as heretical and thus both politically and spiritually dangerous.

Flavius Josephus

The Famous and Memorable Works of Josephus. London: Printed by J.L. for Luke Faune ..., 1655–[1656].
Gift of Carl Dawson

Flavius Josephus was a first century Jewish priest and historian. His histories documented the history of the Jews and, in particular, the Jewish revolt against Rome of AD 66–70, of which he himself had been a combatant on both sides. Josephus later allied himself with the Roman occupation, for which he was reviled as a traitor by many of his contemporaries. Thomas Lodge was the first to bring Josephus’ works into the English language. This copy is a later edition of Lodge’s translation, which was first published in 1620.

H. L. (Henry Louis) Mencken

Prejudices: Fourth Series. New York, Knopf, [1924].
Gift of Mary R. Dick

Copy number two of 110 limited edition copies printed on Borzoi water–marked rag paper. Signed by the author.

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