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International Year of Chemistry 2011

Modern Chemistry

Robert Boyle

The Sceptical Chymist or Chymico-Physical Doubts & Paradoxes. Paradoxes. London, Printed by J. Cadwell for J. Crooke, 1661.

Robert Boyle (1627 – 1691) is considered to be the founder of Modern Chemistry. He made important contributions to the laws of gases and developed the modern concepts of elements and compounds. The Sceptical Chymist rejects the theory the four elements (earth, air, fire and water), discredits alchemy, and demands that chemistry be taken seriously as a scientific discipline.

Joseph Priestley

A Scientific Autobiography of Joseph Priestley, 1733 – 1804; Selected Scientific Correspondence. Edited with commentary by Robert E. Schofield. Cambridge, M.I.T. Press [c1966]

English chemist Joseph Priestley (1733 – 1804) discovered ten gases including oxygen, carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide. He proposed electrical inverse square law which states that any point source, such as an electric field, spreads its influence equally in all directions without a limit to its range.

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier

Elements of Chemistry. [translated by Robert Kerr] Experimental researches in electricity. Chicago : Encyclopaedia Britannica, c1990.

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743 – 1794) is considered the Father of Chemistry. He worked with his wife, Marie–Anne Pierette Paulze and through their experiments discovered nitrogen, studied acids and described the composition of many organic compounds. Additionally he proved that objects gain weight when they rust; formerly it was believed that rusted objects lost weight.

Barbara Sicherman

Alice Hamilton, a Life in Letters. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1984.

the field of toxicology. Hamilton studied occupational illnesses and the dangerous effects of industrial metals and chemical compounds on the human body. published numerous benchmark studies that helped raise awareness of various dangers in the workplace. 1919, she became the first woman appointed to the faculty at Harvard Medical School, serving in the new Department of Industrial Medicine. She also worked with the state of Illinois, the U.S. Department of Commerce, and the League of Nations on various public health issues.

Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev

Mendeleev on the Periodic Law: Selected Writings, 1869–1905. Selected and Edited by William B. Jensen. Mineola, N.Y.: Dover, 2005, c2002.

Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleyev (1834 – 1907) invented the periodic table of elements.

Selections from the Film and Video Collection

Percy Julian: Forgotten Genius [videorecording] / Nova; written by Stephen Lyons & Llewellyn M. Smith; directed by Llewellyn M. Smith; produced by Llewellyn M. Smith, Stephen Lyons ; [Nova production for WGBH Boston]. [Boston] : WGBH Boston Video, c2007.

Core Chemistry. [videorecording] / Ambrose Video; produced by Centre Communications, Inc. for Ambrose Video Publishing; producer and director, Ron Meyer; written by Ron Meyer. New York, NY: Ambrose Video Pub., c2007.

Elements. [videorecording] / BBC; series producer, Helen Thomas. Hamilton, NJ: Films for the Humanities & Sciences, [2010].

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